## Balancing Redox Reactions using half reactions?

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
Use half reactions to balance the following redox reactions and underline the oxidizing agent.
a) Cl2 + ClO3{-} -> ClO{-} (acidic)

{} is the charge
e{-} is electrons

2. Relevant equations
Not applicable

3. The attempt at a solution

Well I tried to separate and write the two half reactions:

1) Cl2 + 2e{-} -> 2Cl{-} (I took this directly from my standard reduction potentials table)

2) ClO3{-} -> ClO{-} (I attempted to balance this half-reaction as it didn't appear on my table)
4H{+} + ClO3{-} + 4e{-} -> ClO{-} + 2H2O (I added 2H2O to the right side to balance the oxygen and then added 4H{+} on the left side to balance the hydrogen, then added 4 electrons (4e{-}) to the left side to balance the charges)

Once determining both half reactions, I am stuck, and am not sure exactly how to proceed.
The answer key to this question states:

2Cl2 + ClO{3-} + 2H2O -> 5ClO{-} + 4H{+} with ClO{3-} as the oxidizing agent.

Did I approach this question incorrectly and how am I supposed to balance this redox equation using half reactions?
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 Recognitions: Homework Help This might help. Using standard reduction potential table from Wikipedia, you could find this half: Cl2 + 2H2O <------> 2e + 2H+ + 2HClO and other half, based on your telling from message: 4H+ + ClO3- +4e <--------> ClO- + 2H2O

 Quote by symbolipoint This might help. Using standard reduction potential table from Wikipedia, you could find this half: Cl2 + 2H2O <------> 2e + 2H+ + 2HClO and other half, based on your telling from message: 4H+ + ClO3- +4e <--------> ClO- + 2H2O
Okay, thanks for responding. I have one question. For your first half reaction, why is there an HClO?

Recognitions:
Homework Help

## Balancing Redox Reactions using half reactions?

 Quote by kshah93 Okay, thanks for responding. I have one question. For your first half reaction, why is there an HClO?
You stated that the conditions are acidic solution. HClO is a weak acid.

 Quote by symbolipoint You stated that the conditions are acidic solution. HClO is a weak acid.
Yeah, but the answer key doesn't have an HClO in it at all.

 Tags chemistry, electrochemistry, half reactions, homework, redox
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