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Heat Transfer Through a Plane Wall

by bob1182006
Tags: heat, plane, transfer, wall
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bob1182006
#1
Sep16-11, 05:17 PM
P: 492
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
Consider a large plane wall of thickness L = 0.4m, thermal conductivity k = 1.8W/(m*K), and surface area A = 30m2. The left side of the wall is maintained at a constant temperature of T1 = 90 C while the right side looses heat by convection to the surrounding air at Ts = 25 C with a heat transfer coefficient of h = 24 W(m2*K). Assuming constant thermal conductivity and no heat generation in the wall evaluate the rate of heat transfer through the wall.
Answer: 7079 W

My answer doesn't match the book's answer.

2. Relevant equations
[tex]\dot{Q}_{wall} = -kA\frac{dT(0)}{dx}[/tex]
[tex]\frac{d^2T}{dx^2} = 0[/tex]
[tex]T(0) = 90[/tex]
[tex]-k\frac{dT(L)}{dx} = h[T(L) - Ts][/tex]

3. The attempt at a solution

Solving the differential equation and applying B.C.:
[tex]T(x) = xC_1 + C_2[/tex]
[tex]T(0) = C_2 = 90[/tex]
[tex]-kC_1 = hLC_1+hC_2-25h][/tex]
[tex]C_1 = -\frac{h(C_2-25)}{k+hL}[/tex]

Plugging numbers in:
[tex]C_2 = 90[/tex]
[tex]C_1 = -136.8[/tex]
[tex]T(x) = 90-136.8x[/tex]
[tex]\dot{Q}_{wall} = -1.8*30*(-136.8) = 7,387 W[/tex]

Did I make a mistake or is the book's answer wrong?
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rude man
#2
Sep17-11, 06:40 AM
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I used a somewhat different approach (underlying equations are of course the same) and got the same answer you did.

I computed the thermal resitance of the wall as L/kA = 7.41e-3 K/W and the equivalent thermal resistance of the convection effect as 1/hA = 1.39e-3 K/W, giving total thermal resistance of 8.80e-3 K/W so dQ/dt = (90 - 25)/8.80e-3 = 7387W.

Just curious - what is your textbook?
bob1182006
#3
Sep17-11, 01:58 PM
P: 492
Awesome thanks, I didn't want to waste any more time redoing this problem looking for a mistake, and my class is just starting the thermal resistance chapter so if I see more problems that have wrong answers I'll do them that way to check.

We're using Heat and Mass Transfer Fundamentals & Applications 4th Ed by Cengel and Ghajar.

spree
#4
Oct18-11, 02:58 PM
P: 5
Heat Transfer Through a Plane Wall

arent we suppose to take temp. as kelvin here?
rude man
#5
Oct18-11, 03:33 PM
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Quote Quote by spree View Post
arent we suppose to take temp. as kelvin here?
It's OK to interchange K and C as long as you're dealing with temperature differences.
spree
#6
Oct18-11, 03:45 PM
P: 5
oh ure right. new to the subject, just trying to learn sorry :) btw I personally know professor cengel and i will inform him about this. I will let you know about it. if you suspect any other mistake in the book feel free to ask please.


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