# Applied Functional Analysis by Zeidler

• _DJ_british_?
In summary, the question in "Applied Functional Analysis" by Zeidler is whether the subset S of all continuous functions with u(a)>0 in the space X=C[a,b] is dense. It is shown that although the subset is open and convex, it is not dense because of a contradiction. The author clarifies that this may be a typo and the set may have been meant to have u(a)≠0. This also raises questions about the next question in the book, which claims that the set with u(a)=1 is also open, convex, and dense.

#### _DJ_british_?

"Applied Functional Analysis" by Zeidler

In my book, "Applied Functional Analysis" by Zeidler, there's a question in the first chapter which, unless I got my concept of density wrong, I can't seem to see true : Let X=C[a,b] be the space of continuous functions on [a,b] with maximum norm. Then the subset S of all functions (in X) with u(a)>0 is open, convex and dense in X.

Open and convex is trivial, but how is this subset dense in X? If we take f(x)=-1, which is in X and suppose that S is dense in X, then there exists a u in S s.t. max|u(x)-f(x)|<1/2, by def. of density. But 0 < 1 < 1+u(a) = u(a)-(-1) = u(a)-f(a) = |u(a)-f(a)| =< max|u(x)-f(x)|<1/2, which implies 1 < max|u(x)-f(x)| < 1/2, a contradiction.

What I don't understand? Thanks!

_DJ_british_? said:
In my book, "Applied Functional Analysis" by Zeidler, there's a question in the first chapter which, unless I got my concept of density wrong, I can't seem to see true : Let X=C[a,b] be the space of continuous functions on [a,b] with maximum norm. Then the subset S of all functions (in X) with u(a)>0 is open, convex and dense in X.

Open and convex is trivial, but how is this subset dense in X? If we take f(x)=-1, which is in X and suppose that S is dense in X, then there exists a u in S s.t. max|u(x)-f(x)|<1/2, by def. of density. But 0 < 1 < 1+u(a) = u(a)-(-1) = u(a)-f(a) = |u(a)-f(a)| =< max|u(x)-f(x)|<1/2, which implies 1 < max|u(x)-f(x)| < 1/2, a contradiction.

What I don't understand? Thanks!

You understand perfectly well. That set is not dense. Perhaps it is just a typo in the text and they meant to write $u(a)\neq 0$.

Yeah, that's what I thought, but then the set is not convex...funny thing is, the next question is to show that the set with u(a)=1 is also open, convex and dense...which it is not. Oh well.