Become a Quantum Theoretical Physicist with Mathematical Sciences

In summary, if you want to become a theoretical physicist specializing in Quantum Mechanics, you will likely need an undergraduate physics degree and the equivalent of a math course or two. Additionally, you will need to take an upper level physics course or two.
  • #1
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I want to become (maybe) a theoretical physicist (specializing in Quantum mechanics (theory)).

One of our major Universities (here in South Africa), namely Stellenbosch University, offers a new programme in Mathematical Sciences [http://science.sun.ac.za/index.php?alias=students&calias=students01&lang=eng. You can choose your "Focus" and one of the choices is a focus in Theoretical physics [http://science.sun.ac.za/index.php?alias=students&calias=students45&lang=eng. Now, what I want to know is, is this subject or focus going to be suffice for a work as a quantum theoretical physicist, does it contain the subjects that you need to become one? Or, must I go with the pure Physical Sciences' programs.

(I am currently in grade 11 and will have to choose my future career soon)

Thank you very much for any advice.
 
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  • #2
Sorry, I know now that I have completely asked this questions erroneously.

To make my questions more answerable, here is my new questions.

Can you please state from experience what type of subjects you needed most to become a [theoretical] physicist? What is your experience of the programmes in Mathematical Sciences, or is this a new study programme?

Also, just for curiousity, what type of work does a mathematician exactly do, or are they usually just mathematicasters? Do they work out new theories of how the omniniverse works, or do they just solve insolvable math problems?

Thank you for all your advice.
 
  • #3
I have started this thread more than a month ago. And still no reply. Can someone please give some advice or tell me what I did wrong that I am receiving no replies.
 
  • #4
The links don't work.

If you want to be a theoretical physicsist working in Quantum Mechanics, you will need at least the equivalent (or close to it) of an undergraduate physics curriculum.

CM
E&M
QM
StatMech

One course in each of these should be the minimum you want. Anything over and above that would be good to have.
 
  • #5
Centaur said:
Also, just for curiousity, what type of work does a mathematician exactly do, or are they usually just mathematicasters?


What's a mathematicaster?
 
  • #7
Centaur said:
(I am currently in grade 11 and will have to choose my future career soon)

No, you don't.
 
  • #9
The problem with the links in the first post is that it has a ']' at the end, which must be removed. Sorry.
 
  • #10
Centaur said:
The problem with the links in the first post is that it has a ']' at the end, which must be removed. Sorry.

I fixed the links in the original post.
 
  • #11
George Jones said:
I fixed the links in the original post.

Thank you very much.
 
  • #12
Centaur said:
Can you please state from experience what type of subjects you needed most to become a [theoretical] physicist? What is your experience of the programmes in Mathematical Sciences, or is this a new study programme?

Also, just for curiousity, what type of work does a mathematician exactly do, or are they usually just mathematicasters? Do they work out new theories of how the omniniverse works, or do they just solve insolvable math problems?

Thank you for all your advice.

To become a Theoretical physicist, most people will get a degree in Physics. You generally won't be able to specialize much in undergrad and will have the option of a physics major or perhaps some kind of astronomy major.

I too am hoping to attend a PhD program in Theoretical physics. If it helps to see my path, I have a previous degree in Kinesiology from a reputable liberal arts college.
I am currently working on a second Bachelor's with an Applied Mathematics major and Astronomy minor (I will earn a physics minor in the process of earning the Astronomy minor).

Upon applying to graduate schools, I will have the following courses on my transcript:

Mathematics:
Calculus II
Calculus III
Linear Algebra
Differential Equations
Mathematical proofs
Numerical Analysis
Vector Calculus and Complex Variables
Modern Algebra
Mathematical Modeling
Advanced Calculus I
Advanced Calculus II
Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces
Advanced Linear Algebra
Advanced Differential Equations (mostly PDEs)

Physics:
Stars and Galaxies (with lab)
Sun and Solar System (with lab)
Physics I (with lab)
Physics II (with lab)
Intro to Astrophysics (with lab)
Modern Physics (with lab)
Quantum Mechanics
Special problems (I've spoken with the dept. and will most likely be able to "cover" some undergraduate E&M and other Physics I've missed in a independent study/special problems course)

I will also likely need to take an upper level physics course or two upon entry in the graduate program. (I've been lucky enough to have fairly frequent discussions with the graduate advisor at the university I wish to attend about what to do with the missed physics courses)


That is the route I'm taking in the hopes of becoming a theoretical physicist. I'd say that my self-study has been at least as intensive as my official coursework. I've done well in school, and I'm sure the self study has been a part of that, but Math and Physics is very competitive and you can be confident that the top students in all of your classes is doing more than just the recommended studies for that class. The Mathematics and Physics programs invites intelligent students by its very nature. On top of that, there isn't the financial certainty of medicine or engineering, so the students in these fields are not only intelligent...but interested and motivated in the material beyond financial gain.

A few things I can add:
Don't expect to major in "quantum mechanics," "particle physics," or anything exciting like that in undegrad...you won't see specialized majors like that.

Also, there seems to be some underlying desire to make physics "boring" your first few years. I'm sure that it stems partly from the frustration that professors get from students with no physics background wanting to study quantum mechanics or General relativity and partly from wanting to weed out the students majoring in physics because they think it will be fun to "be the next Einstein."
Perhaps it isn't this way at every University, but it seems that professors really want to make you push through the muck to get to the fun stuff in order to weed out the people not willing to work through it.
 
  • #13
I'm a little (actually more than a little) bothered by the fact that the "analysis" class uses Stewart's Calculus as a textbook.
 
  • #14
@Troponin: Thank you very much for this extensively helpful advice.


@Vid: Can you please be a bit more specific why this bothers you. Thank you.
 
  • #15
Centaur said:
@Troponin: Thank you very much for this extensively helpful advice.


@Vid: Can you please be a bit more specific why this bothers you. Thank you.

because Stewart's book is not meant to be used in an "Analysis" class
 
  • #16
i see what you mean thrill, its just a bad naming of class...for example
Analysis and Linear Algebra II
with stewart book, in curriculum you can just see this is multivariable calc with a touch of linear algebra
 
  • #17
yes, looking at the detailed course descriptions, the class is simply an elementary analysis class, or in short, a calculus class
 
  • #18
Careful of the posts from American students, their system is very different from the UK. You want to listen most carefully to students from SA, though it might be closer to the UK than US given our closer historical links! The biggest mistake I made in the UK was taking the kind of course you're thinking about. You may end up, like me, torn between two cultures and looked upon as a second class mathematician and a second class physicist. You'll be overlooked by physics professors because you're one of the 'combined' crowd. The physics component of the combined course I took was a course into which failed medical students and failing physics students were dumped in the second year -- leaving yhe highly motivated types (like me!) hanging out with a bad bunch and tarred with the same brush. I took 'combined' because I liked *all* science and wanted to 'do everything'. Big error!

You should take straight physics and talk to the professors about doing quantum physics options once you are there.
 

1. What is a quantum theoretical physicist?

A quantum theoretical physicist is a scientist who studies the behavior of particles and systems at the quantum level, using mathematical models and principles to understand and predict their behavior. This field combines elements of both quantum physics and theoretical physics, and is often focused on understanding the fundamental nature of reality and the underlying laws of the universe.

2. What is the role of mathematical sciences in quantum theoretical physics?

Mathematical sciences play a crucial role in quantum theoretical physics as they provide the tools and language to describe and analyze the behavior of quantum systems. This includes concepts such as complex numbers, linear algebra, and differential equations, which are used to represent and manipulate quantum states and calculate their evolution over time.

3. What are the educational requirements to become a quantum theoretical physicist?

To become a quantum theoretical physicist, one typically needs to have a strong background in both physics and mathematics. This usually involves obtaining a bachelor's degree in physics or a related field, followed by a graduate degree in theoretical physics or a specific subfield such as quantum mechanics. A strong foundation in mathematics, including calculus and linear algebra, is also essential.

4. What skills are necessary for a career as a quantum theoretical physicist?

In addition to a strong understanding of physics and mathematics, a career as a quantum theoretical physicist also requires critical thinking and problem-solving skills, as well as the ability to think abstractly and creatively. Good communication and teamwork skills are also important, as many research projects in this field involve collaboration with other scientists.

5. What are the potential career opportunities for quantum theoretical physicists?

Quantum theoretical physicists can pursue careers in various fields, including academia, research institutions, government agencies, and private companies. They may also work in industries such as quantum computing, telecommunications, and materials science. Some may also choose to become educators, teaching the next generation of scientists and contributing to the advancement of the field.

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