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Homework Help: Calculate the value of the equilibrium constant

  1. Mar 9, 2008 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    The total pressure of gases in equilibrium with solid sodium hydrogen carbonate at 110.0 degrees C is 1.648 atm, corresponding to the reaction

    2NaHCO3(s) <--> Na2CO3(s) + H2O(g) + CO2(g)

    a) Calculate the value of the equilibrium constant at 110.0 degrees C.

    3. The attempt at a solution
    I don't know how to begin this because I don't know how to find the initial partial pressure of sodium hydrogen carbonate. How am I supposed to use P total at equilibrium in this problem?
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 10, 2008 #2
    The solid sodium bicarbonate has negligible vapor pressure at 110 degrees C. We usually treat solids as constants, which we then divide out of the equilibrium constant; the only terms you should be left with in your expression for K are from gaseous water and gaseous carbon dioxide.

    This approach for dealing with solids holds true in general, unless the equilibrium being studied occurs in a solid solution (e.g., molten rock.)
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