# Determine which set is a function

Homework Statement:
Determine which set is a function.
Relevant Equations:
n/a
Here is the fuzzy definition of a function as presented by Ron Larson.

Definition of Function

A function f from a set A to a set B is a relation that assigns to each element x
in the set A exactly one element y in the set B. The set A is the domain (or set
of inputs) of the function f, and the set B contains the range (or set of outputs).

Larson goes on to say:

The ordered pairs below can represent a function. The first coordinate (x-value) is
the input and the second coordinate (y-value) is the output.

{(1, 9), (2, 13), (3, 15), (4, 15), (5, 12), (6, 10)}

Let me see.

The above set of elements is a function because every x-value is matched to a unique y-value. Correct?

I understand that the same value of x cannot cannot be matched to two different values of y.

For example, the following set does NOT represent a function, right?

(1, 9), (2, 13), (3, 15), (2, 15), (5, 12), (6, 10)}

In the given set, the number 2 is matched to 13 in the point (2, 13) and to 15 in the point (2, 15). This means the set is not a function.

Am I right here?

• SammyS

Mentor
Homework Statement:: Determine which set is a function.
Relevant Equations:: n/a

Here is the fuzzy definition of a function as presented by Ron Larson.

Definition of Function

A function f from a set A to a set B is a relation that assigns to each element x
in the set A exactly one element y in the set B. The set A is the domain (or set
of inputs) of the function f, and the set B contains the range (or set of outputs).
What makes you think this is a "fuzzy" definition.
nycmathguy said:
Larson goes on to say:

The ordered pairs below can represent a function. The first coordinate (x-value) is
the input and the second coordinate (y-value) is the output.

{(1, 9), (2, 13), (3, 15), (4, 15), (5, 12), (6, 10)}

Let me see.

The above set of elements is a function because every x-value is matched to a unique y-value. Correct?
Yes. A little further on you'll be introduced to the concept of one-to-one functions, for which each y-value is matched by a unique x-value.
The set above represents a function, but not a one-to-one function, because two input values, 3 and 4, are matched to a single output value, 15.
nycmathguy said:
I understand that the same value of x cannot cannot be matched to two different values of y.

For example, the following set does NOT represent a function, right?

(1, 9), (2, 13), (3, 15), (2, 15), (5, 12), (6, 10)}

In the given set, the number 2 is matched to 13 in the point (2, 13) and to 15 in the point (2, 15). This means the set is not a function.

Am I right here?
Yes.

What makes you think this is a "fuzzy" definition.
Yes. A little further on you'll be introduced to the concept of one-to-one functions, for which each y-value is matched by a unique x-value.
The set above represents a function, but not a one-to-one function, because two input values, 3 and 4, are matched to a single output value, 15.
Yes.
I am not too clear on this one-to-one function. I am not there in the textbook.

1. Can you provide an example using a set similar to the one here?

A. What makes a function one-one-one?

B. A function is one-to-one if a passes the vertical line test. Yes? What if a function passes the vertical line test but fails the horizontal line test and vice-versa?

C. What is the basic difference between the vertical line test and the horizontal line test?

Last edited by a moderator:
Mentor
I am not too clear on this one-to-one function. I am not there in the textbook.

1. Can you provide an example using a set similar to the one here?
Here's almost the same set as in your first example. The only difference is that the ordered pair that was (4, 15) is now (4, 11).
{(1, 9), (2, 13), (3, 15), (4, 11), (5, 12), (6, 10)}
If you plot the 6 points in this set, you will see that the plot passes the vertical line test (it's a function) and the horizontal line test (it's also a one-to-one function).
nycmathguy said:
A. What makes a function one-one-one?