Drop in Concentration as reaction progresses

  1. 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    I am currently doing an investigation into the reaction between different acids and magnesium metal. I want to try and show that by using a large volume of acid the concentration drop as the reaction progresses is significantly reduced. Is there any way of doing this?


    2. Relevant equations

    Mg (s) + 2 HCl (aq) --> H2 (g) + MgCl2 (aq)
    Mg (s) + 2 H+ (aq) --> H2 (g) + Mg+2 (aq)

    3. The attempt at a solution

    Well I thought that by working out the moles of H+ ions present at the beginning of the reaction and at the end of the reaction may help. Other than that, I would just like to be pointed in the right direction.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. chemisttree

    chemisttree 3,721
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    You could remove an aliquot of solution at several intervals and titrate the acid. Plot the concentration of acid vs time for your result.

    The results might surprise you, though...
     
  4. well, so far I have found out the number of moles of HCL in 100cm3 of acid and then found the number of moles of H+ ions. I then found the percentage drop.
     
  5. chemisttree

    chemisttree 3,721
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    What did you notice about the reaction rate?
     
  6. well, I worked out that the maximum drop in concentration theoretically was 5.20% which for a concentration of 0.8 M is not significant.
     
  7. chemisttree

    chemisttree 3,721
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    Thats what I thought would happen. Also, the metal surface area is shrinking during the reaction. This will cause the greatest change in rate of reaction.
     
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