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Find the tension in the string and the wire?

  1. Nov 14, 2009 #1
    Find the tension in the string and the wire???

    A microphone of mass 500g hangs from the end of a long wire fixed to the ceiling. A horizontal string attached to the microphone exerts a pull which keeps the wire at an angle of 20degrees to the vertical. Find the tensions in both the string and the wire.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 14, 2009 #2
    Re: Find the tension in the string and the wire???

    Always change to SI units, so 500g = 0.5kg.

    Obviously the system is in equilibrium, so all you have to do is to equate the forces.

    Vertically:

    Force on the microphone due to gravity (mg) = the vertical component of the tension of the long wire.

    Horizontally:

    The tension in the string = the horizontal component of the tension of the microphone wire.

    -----

    Remember Horzontal components are bounded by cos θ
    Vertical components are bounded by sin θ

    where θ = 20
     
    Last edited: Nov 15, 2009
  4. Nov 15, 2009 #3
    Re: Find the tension in the string and the wire???

    i still have a prob. so what ur saying is that:

    Tension for the vertical wire= 0.5*10 which is 5N

    So whats the tension for the horizontal string?????
     
  5. Nov 15, 2009 #4
    Re: Find the tension in the string and the wire???

    No......

    We know the microphone has a weight of 5N, since the system is in equilibrium, this 5N force has to be balanced by the vertical component of Tension in the inclined part of the microphone wire.

    Your question states that not all of the microphone is perfectly vertical, imagine half of the wire being straight, whilst the other half if inclined at an angle of 20 degrees to the horizontal - due to the horziontal string.

    Now because the wire is inclined, it now has 2 components, a vertical and horizontal component. Obviously the Resultant tension in the wire is T, but we don't know that yet. However we can assume that the vertical component of tension (Tsinθ) is balanced by the weight of the microphone.

    So Tsinθ = 5N, rearrange to find the Tension in the wire.

    Now we know the tension, we can find the tension in the horizontal string. Because the microphone is not moving side to side, we can assume all horizontal forces are equal.

    So the horizontal component of tension in the wire = the tension in the string.

    Tcosθ = T(s)

    We should know T by now, θ is 20 and we can find T(s)
     
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