Have theories been formed yet on how to stop a black hole?
What do you mean by "stop a black hole"?
If Humans ever came under the need of stopping a black hole i.e. reduce its intense gravity by a huge enough amount.
No, there is no known or theorized way to do such a thing to a black hole.
If a stellar black hole was known to be orbiting our Milky Way galaxy on a collision course with us, it would be easier to move our Solar System out of the way than to alter the path of the black hole.
Does the black hole increase in gravitational force for all the matter it sucks in?
Unless you are very close, the gravity due to a black hole is the same as due to a star of the same mass.
Why doesn't the black hole collapse on itself?
How does it remain stable with all the mass it compresses into nothing?
Uh ... it DOES collapse. That's what it MEANS to be a black hole ... all the matter has collapsed into the singularity at the center. Now "singularity" is just a word meaning "we don't really know WHAT is going on in there", but collapse is the standard description.
I would prefer to say a collapsing star can form an event horizon. We currently have no accepted model for physics inside the event horizon.
What do you mean? Are you talking about the singularities or simply about the inside of the black hole? Surely physics (general relativity) describes the inside as well.
General relativity gives a description. Unfortunately quantum theory says it can't happen that way. That is why no one knows what is really going on.
Still not sure I understand. If the black hole is huge and you are just within the horizon quantum theory will play no role in the description, not more than anywhere else where spacetime curvature is equally small.
There are three regions of interest here, not two, are there not? We have the region outside the event horizon, which is fairly well understood because we live there. Then there's the region inside the event horizon but still far from the central singularity, and there's the region near the central singularity. Are you uncomfortable accepting the GR predictions for the inside-but-far region?
(This is a question not an argument).
I think it's a great question. I've often wondered about exactly that. It seems logical that just inside the EH of a supermassive BH there would be no significant change to the way things work, BUT ... I've learned that my "it seems logical" isn't much respected by the universe, so I'm curious if there's any theoretical basis for such a conclusion. The main reason I wonder is the statement I see a lot (and don't really understand) that once inside the EH, world lines become time-like, not space-like.
The problem with just inside the event horizon is that general relativity describes this as a transient where all matter collapses to a singularity, so just inside could simply be empty except for something just falling in.
But that would seem to imply that the transmission of matter from just inside the EH to the singularity at the center happens instantaneous, which seems unlikely. Like Nugatory, I'm not being argumentative, just don't understand.
The problem is that you can't study in a scientific way interior of event horizon. That makes inside of event horizon (including event horizon itself) an unscientific speculation.
That's where you had a mistake. Black Hole can't be huge. For an immense density which could also attract light by its gravitational force, you need a radius as small as possible and that's why the largest one has found to be of I guess diameter 64 km. If its huge then you can't be alive, coping with its immense gravity. To escape from it and live a peaceful life, we need to have an escape velocity more than light but we know nothing can be faster than light. Also black hole can collapse only if its density is such greater that it gets attracted by its own gravity and collapse and reaches to a point whereon he couldn't get any smaller and thus a big bang kind of stuff could occur.
But we will never be able to see it( before the big bang and after the black hole) because in between comes the event horizon......
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