Read about black hole | 234 Discussions | Page 1

  1. icalle3

    Condition to form a primordial black hole that I don't understand

    Hi guys, I'm new here. I am doing my final degree project and it's hard for me to understand what this paragraph means in one of the papers that I'm reading, it's about primordial black hole formation. [Talking about a spherically density perturbation] The rarefaction wave starts at the...
  2. Nuno_S_Oliveira

    B Question about translating a Documentary about Black Holes to Portuguese (Hawking quote)

    Hi, I'm a Portuguese translator working on a documentary about black holes and there is a specific bit of dialogue between Stephen Hawking and his colleagues that I'm having a hard time translating. Basically, Hawking says: "So, it could be the F plus minus term takes this away." Is this the...
  3. M

    I Photon behaviour across EH threshold

    Physics is not my area of expertise. That being said, philosophy of science is, but I'm not here to discuss philosophy. I recently found myself trying to imagine how light behaves once it crosses the event horizon of a black hole. Presumably, between the event horizon and the singularity...
  4. P

    B Can it escape the event horizon if the wavelength is long enough?

    Can electromagnetic radiation escape from the event horizon of a Black Hole if the wavelength is long enough? What if a Black Hole contains electric charge, hypothetically supposing we dumped a large number of protons into it? Electric charge is mediated by the electromagnetic force. So the...
  5. M

    B Can you even fall into a black hole?

    It takes infinite amount of time to cross the event horizon from an outsider's perspective. But black holes eventually decay from Hawking radiation. So if you wait long enough a black hole won't exist anymore, as it would have decayed into nothing. The in-falling observer witnesses infinite...
  6. S

    I Barrow black holes with fractal surface?

    This should maybe go in the Beyond The Standard Model forum but since it's a paper about quantum cosmology I'll put it here. Feel free to move it if it's too speculative but that's exactly my question. That is: if it is.... Perusing "The Area of a Rough Black Hole" - -...
  7. DennisN

    I An observer passing the event horizon of a black hole

    Hi all, I've just read this entire thread and watched the videos about black holes posted by @PeroK, which I liked very much (thanks @PeroK! :smile:). I am not particularly well aquainted with GR and my questions are concerning the often mentioned statement that an observer that passes the...
  8. J

    I Does Dark matter get trapped in black holes and increase their mass?

    Dark matter passes through everything, but is only influenced by gravity, so in the case of a neutron star, since dark matter doesn't interfere with ordinary matter, it can just pass through it, but neutrinos might be stopped by it's density, as neutrinos can just pass through stars almost as if...
  9. JTorn

    Why doesn't a real Infinite Redshift Limit occur at R+ for Kerr BHs?

    As I have studied before, I found that Infinite Red Shift occurs where gtt = 0 but this exercise says that on Kerr's Black Hole it doesn't really work like that. Right now I'm blocked because I didn't find anything on the internet about it so I don't know how to show this phenomenon. Any help...
  10. T

    I A Planet or a Black Hole?

    According to MIT Technology Review, the Solar System's conjectured 'ninth planet' might be a Black Hole. https://www.technologyreview.com/s/614441/is-planet-9-actually-a-primordial-black-hole/
  11. abby11

    A Derivation of radial momentum equation in Kerr geometry

    I am trying to derive the radial momentum equation in the equatorial Kerr geometry obtained from the equation $$ (P+\rho)u^\nu u^r_{;\nu}+(g^{r\nu}+u^ru^\nu)P_{,r}=0 \qquad $$. Expressing the first term in the equation as $$ (P+\rho)u^\nu u^r_{;\nu}=(P+\rho)u^r u^r_{;r} $$ I obtained the...
  12. T

    4-acceleration in a circular orbit around a black hole

    In a circular orbit, the 4-velocity is given by (I have already normalized it) $$ u^{\mu} = \left(1-\frac{3M}{r}\right)^{-\frac{1}{2}} (1,0,0,\Omega) $$ Now, taking the covariant derivative, the only non vanishing term will be $$ a^{1} = \Gamma^{1}_{00}u^{0}u^{0} + \Gamma^{1}_{33}u^{3}u^{3}...
  13. B

    B What would happen if a black hole made entirely from anti-matter merges with another black hole made from normal matter?

    What would happen if a black hole made entirely from anti-matter merges with another black hole made from normal matter? Since most of the product left over from the annihilation is in the form of light (gamma rays) would the black hole lose mass?
  14. JD_PM

    A Understanding gravitational waves (GR)

    I am reading the following paper on the basic physics of a binary black hole merger: https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1608/1608.01940.pdf Imagine two black holes orbiting each other until a point they merge. As you can see in Figure 1, the wave period is decreasing and thus the frequency...
  15. E

    B Black holes and the first law of thermodynamics

    The first law of thermodynamics states that matter can only be transferred from one state to another, and cannot be truly destroyed. What happens to matter consumed by a black hole? What happens to it and where does it go? Does the first law still hold true?
  16. Vamsi9955

    B How can string theory be proved

    The fundamental building blocks of the universe is thought of super strings, if proved can solve the mysteries of the universe but if proved than how? And how can it solve the mysteries of dark energy &dark matter and black holes?
  17. mousheng xu

    I Is time bidirectional in a black hole?

    I just watched a youtube video saying that somewhere in a blackhole, time is bidirectional (can go to the future and can go to the passed), but space is one-directional. Any introduction material on this subject? Thanks in advance!
  18. Goldman clarck

    I Schwarzschild geodesics

  19. haael

    A What does the image of the black hole say about general relativity?

    We all heard about the "photo of black hole". My question is: did this image show any hints of physics beyond general relativity? I read once (not sure where) that the apparent size of black hole shadow is very sensitive to corrections to general relativity. Add some minor correction and the...
  20. aabottom

    I M87 Black Hole Photos and the Spin Orientations

    M87 Black Hole Photos and the Orientations the Angular Momentum of the Black Hole and that of the Accretion Disk. I’m trying to understand the orientations the angular momentum (let’s call it spin) of the black hole and that of the accretion disk. Veritasium has good video on the topic [1], but...
  21. E

    I Black hole image: What are those "lobes"? [M87 10April2019]

    Lobes Did anyone hear an explanation of the appearance of the lobes visible in the published image? I only caught part of the Q&A. (Visible most prominently at at eleven o'clock and four o'clock positions, and to lesser degree at three and nine) Do these type of observations generate "lense...
  22. S

    A Penrose diagram of black hole with a changing event horizon

    Dear all, I have a question on Penrose diagrams. Consider a collapsing star that forms a black hole with a Schwarzschild radius normalized to 1. What happens in the Penrose diagram when additional matter falls in? I suspect the diagram then has to look like this : When the outer shell (second...
  23. A

    I Black hole orbital mechanics questions

    What are some of the challenges associated with calculating orbital parameters of objects around a black hole (I.e. Orbital velocity, period, semi major axis, kinetic energy). At what point can classical physics no longer provide accurate results?
  24. L

    A Quantum amplitude for a particle falling into a black hole

    Here we consider a black hole formed by gravitational collapse classically. We also consider a scalar massless Klein-Gordon field propagating on this background. To quantize the field we expand it in appropriate modes. The three sets of modes required are: The incoming modes, appropriate for...
  25. D

    B Can event horizons cross for passing black holes at high speed

    Scenario: You have two black holes approaching, one from the left (A), one from the right (B), each at speed S. They are offset vertically. S is sufficiently high that they will deflect passed each other without merging. Question: Suppose the speed S is high enough so that the event...
  26. M

    I Uniqueness theorems for black holes

    I am under the impression, there is no unique solutions to Einstein's field equations for a cosmological constant, or for higher dimensional spacetimes. Has anybody got a counter example for a solution including the cosmo constant to show there are multiple solutions, for example, i know of the...
  27. L

    I Massive particle equivalent in sonic black holes

    I am working on a research project where I intend to describe what the Penrose process would like in a sonic black hole. I have found what a rotating (Kerr) black hole looks like in the sonic analog: https://arxiv.org/pdf/1802.08306.pdf I have also found that the analog of massless particles...
  28. L

    I Harnessing energy from black holes?

    Whether it be through Hawking radiation, miniature black holes, or even white holes, is it possible that one day energy could be harnessed from black holes and used on earth?
  29. Joshua Guyette

    I Supermassive black hole eating a stellar black hole

    I'm trying to visualize what a fast spinning supermassive black hole slowly eating a stellar black hole should "look" like; how would the mass flow between the two? Could enough mass be removed from the stellar black hole, that it loses it's event horizon before entering the supermassive black...
  30. Chris Ian Burkinshaw

    A Unification of dark energy and dark matter

    Dr James Farnes of Oxford's e-Research Centre recently proposed a new model which unifies dark energy and dark matter into a single phenomenon - a fluid which possesses "negative mass". https://news.sky.com/story/mystery-of-dark-matter-may-have-been-solved-by-oxford-scientists-11572089 The paper...
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