How to fit quantum LHO into quantum mechanics?

It is obtained by solving the differential equation and using ladder operators. The first equation, while not incorrect, may be missing the 1/2 term due to the use of ladder operators. The 1/2 term is obtained by considering the uncertainty principle, which states that the change in energy (\Delta E) is equal to Planck's constant (h) times the frequency (\nu). This explains the discrepancy between the two equations. In summary, the correct equation for the energy of a quantum linear harmonic oscillator is E = (n+1/2)h*v, obtained by solving the differential equation and considering the uncertainty principle.
  • #1
maya :D
8
0
Can anyone help me with this?
The basic equation in quantum mechanics says that E=n*h*v(nu) where n = 1,2,3,...
How is then possible that the quantum linear harmonic oscillator has an energy E=(n+1/2)h*v? If someone can explain this, please help
 
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  • #2
The second equation is correct. If you solve the differential equation for the harmonic oscillator, that's what you get.

If you instead use ladder operators, then maybe you miss out on the 1/2 term, so that's why you got the 1st equation instead. I'm not sure how you are supposed to get the 1/2 term with ladder operators.
 
  • #3
I'm just guessing that what you mean by the first equation should be some "general QM principle"(?)
[tex]\Delta E= h\nu[/tex].

Indeed the second equation is correct for a harmonic oscillator.
 

Related to How to fit quantum LHO into quantum mechanics?

1. What is a quantum LHO?

A quantum LHO (Linear Harmonic Oscillator) is a simplified model used in quantum mechanics to describe the behavior of a particle oscillating back and forth in a linear potential. It is commonly used as an example in quantum mechanics because it has a simple analytical solution.

2. How does the quantum LHO fit into quantum mechanics?

The quantum LHO is a fundamental part of quantum mechanics and is used to understand and explain the behavior of particles at the quantum level. It is used to study the properties of particles, such as energy levels and wavefunctions, and is an important tool for understanding more complex quantum systems.

3. What are the main principles of quantum mechanics that apply to the quantum LHO?

The main principles of quantum mechanics that apply to the quantum LHO include the principles of superposition, uncertainty, and quantization. These principles explain the behavior of the particle in the LHO potential and how its energy and position are related.

4. How is the quantum LHO different from classical harmonic motion?

The quantum LHO differs from classical harmonic motion in several ways. In classical mechanics, the energy of a particle in an oscillating potential is continuous, while in quantum mechanics, it is quantized. Additionally, the position and momentum of the particle in the LHO cannot be known simultaneously, due to the uncertainty principle.

5. What are the practical applications of understanding the quantum LHO in quantum mechanics?

Understanding the quantum LHO is essential for many practical applications in quantum mechanics. It is used in the development of new technologies, such as quantum computing and quantum cryptography. It also helps scientists understand the behavior of atoms and molecules, which has implications for fields such as chemistry and material science.

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