# Making up various concentraions of ethanol

• iross75
In summary: Anyway, when you convert the molarity to %, the 1M solution is actually 16.6% In summary, IanYeh, that sounds about right.
iross75
I am setting up a prac for a class next week, and need a little help on making up solutions of ethanol. (I am a microbiologist and haven't done any of this sort of stuff for years)

The prac calls for 1M, 2M, 3M and 4M solutions of ethanol, and I have a 99% solution of ethanol.

The way I thought of doing this was converting the molarity to % and then worked out what dilutions to make to achieve that percentage.

Is this correct?

Thanks

ian

yeh probably should work out fine... but also count the fact that u have 99%... u should do fine

Mathematically speaking to make a 1Mol solution you would have to know the molar mass of ethanol (46.06g Mol) get 1Mol of that (46.06g) and make up a 1 Litre solution of it, or if you don't want to work with such large amounts scale it down by a factor 5 or 10 if you want.

Remember however that ethanols density is not == to water, so putting 46.06cm-3 is not equal to putting 46.06g in the solution. To figure out what sort of volume you must add, you must assume a 100% purity (for an accurate density) and divide through by it, so for ethanol the density is 0.789g/cm3 = 789g/dm3 Therefore you'd want
$$\frac{46.06}{789}*1000= 58.38cm^{3}$$
I multiplied it by 1000 to convert the answer from dm3 to cm3

As for eliminating your 99% purity of the ethanol problem, you will need to find out the effective mass of ethanol you must put in, this is simply done by dividing by the percentage of mass that ethanol constitutes. For your case its
$$\frac{46.06}{0.99} = 46.525g$$

Combining the effect of needing 99% but whilst also assuming the density does not deviate massively for it being 99% rather then 100%, we find:

$$\frac{46.525}{789}*1000 = 58.96cm^{3}$$

58.96cm3 (Approx to 59cm3 since I am guessing you won't have the gear for super accurate concentrations anyway) of ethanol must be added then made up to 1000cm3 (litre), alternatively you could just wait in line and weigh it out ¬¬.

Last edited:
Just weigh out 46 grams of ethanol into a 1 L vessel and dilute to the mark. Its not that hard and you don't have to know the temperature dependence of molar volume, etc...

You do have a balance don't you?

Yeah I have all the equipment, volumetric flasks and pipettes balances etc, it is a fully functioning laboratory. It has just been so long since I have had to work with moles and molarity that I have forgotten it.

I just wanted to check i was on the right track.

thanks for all of your replies.

Ian

Yeah, I was going off the suggestion that all labs are like the ones I use, I.E. at the beggining of a session you have about 15 people trying to use the 4 scales ¬_¬ damn underfunded education!

## 1. How do I make a 70% concentration of ethanol?

To make a 70% concentration of ethanol, you will need to mix 70 mL of pure ethanol with 30 mL of water. This will give you a total of 100 mL of solution with a 70% concentration of ethanol.

## 2. Can I use any type of water to make ethanol solutions?

Yes, you can use any type of water to make ethanol solutions. However, it is recommended to use distilled water to avoid any impurities that may affect the concentration of ethanol.

## 3. How do I convert a percentage concentration to a molar concentration?

To convert a percentage concentration to a molar concentration, you will need to know the density of ethanol and the molar mass of ethanol. The formula is: molarity (M) = (percentage (%) x density (g/mL)) / molar mass (g/mol).

## 4. Is it safe to handle high concentrations of ethanol?

It is important to handle any concentration of ethanol with caution, as it is a flammable substance. However, higher concentrations may be more dangerous and require proper safety precautions to be taken.

## 5. How long can I store a prepared ethanol solution?

Prepared ethanol solutions can be stored for a long period of time if they are kept in a sealed container and stored in a cool, dry place. However, it is recommended to use them within a few months for optimal accuracy.

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