Path integral for a particle coupled to a magnetic field

  • Thread starter IRobot
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  • #1
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Main Question or Discussion Point

Hi all,

I am currently having trouble with an exercise: writing the propagator of a particle coupled to a magnetic field.

So the lagrangian is [itex]L_A (\vec{x},\dot{\vec{x}}^2) = \frac{m}{2}\dot{\vec{x}} + e\vec{A}.\dot{\vec{x}}[/itex]
And it says that I should solve it in two different ways:
-by writing [itex]e\vec{A}.\dot{\vec{x}}[/itex] has a derivative relative to t
-by completing the square in the Lagrangian, ie something like [itex]L_A (\vec{x},\dot{\vec{x}}) = \frac{m}{2}(\dot{\vec{x}}+\frac{e}{m}\vec{A})^2 - \frac{e^2}{2m}\vec{A}^2[/itex] I guess.

But still, I develop a few lines more of calculus but I am stuck. I would be really happy if someone could explain how to proceed.
 
Last edited:

Answers and Replies

  • #2
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I think I'm going to try and solve this with you :)

I can't do it tonight cause I have a test tomorrow that I have to study for, but this looks cool and full of learning.

let me get this straight we have
[tex]
L=\frac{m}{2}\dot{x}^{2}_{i} +eA_j \dot{x}_j
[/tex]
and we should put this in two different forms:
[tex]
L=\frac{1}{2m}(m\dot{x}_j+e A_i )^2-e^2 A_{i}^2
[/tex]
and
[tex]
L=\frac{m}{2}\dot{x}_{i}^2-e\dot{A}_j x_j +e\frac{\partial}{\partial t}(A_i x_i)
[/tex]
Do those look ok to you?
 
  • #3
87
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Yes, it does look good. But in the second lagrangian, because we don't want to have an electrical field, we have [itex]\dot{\vec{A}}=0[/itex] so the second terms vanishes.
 
Last edited:

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