Potential Elastic Energy & Kinetic Energy

  • Thread starter nvez
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[RESOLVED] Potential Elastic Energy & Kinetic Energy

Homework Statement


A mass of 8.0 kg arrives at a spring, with the K coefficent (constante de rappel in french) of 250 N/m with a speed of 5.0 m/s It hits the spring and returns in the other way.

Homework Equations


[tex]E= 1/2mv^{2}[/tex]
[tex]E= 1/2Kx[/tex]

The Attempt at a Solution


[tex]E_{before}=E_{after}[/tex]
[tex]1/2mv^{2} = 1/2Kx[/tex]
[tex](1/2)(8)(5)^{2} = (1/2)(250)x[/tex]
[tex](1/2)(8)(5)^{2} = (1/2)(250)x[/tex]
[tex]100 = 125x[/tex]
[tex]100/125 = x[/tex]
[tex]0.8 = x[/tex]

This gives me a distance of 0.8 meters, I have indicated that the answer was 0.89 meters, now I am not sure if I mistakingly indicated 0.89meters or I made a mistake at some point.

I appreciate your help in advanced.
 
Last edited:

Answers and Replies

  • #2
LowlyPion
Homework Helper
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If this is vertically dropped then there is the additional PE from gravity that needs to be accounted for in the potential energy transferred to the spring.

Namely you have

½mv² + mgx = ½kx²
 
  • #3
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If this is vertically dropped then there is the additional PE from gravity that needs to be accounted for in the potential energy transferred to the spring.

Namely you have

½mv² + mgx = ½kx²

Thank you for your help so far.

I believe the formula for elastic energy that we learned is ½kx and not ½kx² but anyhow.

I have tried with both formulas and did not get an answer closer to the 0.89 written answer, it also did not indicate at any point that it was horizontally dropped and there was nothing about gravity or any friction therefore there is none.

I apologize in advance for any french-ized terms but I study physics in french so I try my best to translate this to english.
 
  • #5
LowlyPion
Homework Helper
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If it is horizontal and frictionless then there is a straight conversion of Kinetic to Potential energy at maximum detent.

If it is vertical then there is the additional change in gravitational potential over the distance of the detent.
 
  • #6
LowlyPion
Homework Helper
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5
If you know the answer is .89 then it is horizontal and frictionless.

½*8*52 = 100 = ½*250*x2

x2 = 100/125 = .8

x = .89
 
  • #7
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Heh, I was writing the way on how I figured it out and you wrote it.

THANK YOU VERY MUCH! I can't say how much I appreciate your help.

Here's how I did it step by step
[tex]1/2mv^{2} = 1/2Kx^{2}[/tex]
[tex](1/2)(8)(5)^{2} = (1/2)(250)x^{2}[/tex]
[tex]100 = 125x^{2}[/tex]
[tex]100/125 = x^{2}[/tex]
[tex]0.8 = x^{2}[/tex]
[tex]\sqrt{0.8} = x[/tex]
[tex]0.89 = x[/tex]
 

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