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Primordial black holes as DM candidates

  1. Jan 22, 2013 #1


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    This paper, Constraints on primordial black holes as dark matter candidates from capture by neutron stars - http://arxiv.org/abs/1301.4984, appears to just about seal the coffin on primordial black holes as dark matter candidates. It does an admirable job summarizing the mass constraints on primordial black holes as a dark matter candidate that have appeared in the literature. Tiny black holes [<10^16 gm] were ruled out decades ago because they would have already evaporated, or be too few for consistency with observational limits on the cosmic gamma ray background. Microlensing surveys of the galactic halo have significantly constrained the number of PBH's in the mass range of 10^26 to 10^34 gm, and WMAP, COBE and FIRAS have severely constrained the number of PBH's at higher masses. Collectively, these date have left a window of opportunity for PBH's as dark matter in the range of 10^16 - 10^26 gm. The results of this paper trims the allowable mass range to within an order of magnitude of 10^25 gm. Obviously, such a narrow mass range for PBH's as dark matter candidates would invoke fine tuning problems to explain their origin.
    Last edited: Jan 22, 2013
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  3. Jan 23, 2013 #2
    ...I guess we are heading more on MACHo's, wimps, hypothetical Neutralinos, axioms, Photinos again Or the other way around 'modification of gravity MOND'. Or Particles of matter and antimatter with gravitational opposites(assuming the crazy hypothetical outcomes in quantizing gravity) the closest we can assume of dark matter origin.
  4. Jan 23, 2013 #3


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    I think what it does is constrain (as other papers have done) singular primordial black holes with their horizon structure as modeled via classical GR.
    Since the mass is small the classical horizon structure can be expected to be unrealistic, and the classically-derived evaporation scenario especially so.

    As time goes on, we can expect to hear more about non-singular primordial black holes as dark matter candidates, where the model of the black hole takes account of quantum effects. Here is an example--a paper published in Physical Review D, in 2010, that has been cited by 21 other papers.
    ("A model for non-singular black hole collapse and evaporation")

    Here is a follow-up paper from last year, by the same authors:http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1202.0412 ("Emission spectra of self-dual black holes") Naturally the radiation signature from these non-singular BH is different from that of singular BH, and the calculated evaporation rates, and the lifetimes, and the expected distribution of masses, etc.

    Here's a seminal paper on this topic, which now has 34 cites.

    I would be more cautious and not draw such a hasty. Nonsingular primordial black holes (PBH) have not been seriously constrained as a candidate for Dark Matter, so it may turn out "we are heading" more in PBH direction, if a credible DM particle does not show up at LHC.
    Last edited: Jan 23, 2013
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