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Projections onto a plane and parallel to a vector

  1. Nov 10, 2011 #1
    Hi. I'm preparing the Linear algebra 1 Exam for the first year of
    Physics University. I find very difficult to understand projections.
    Here's an example:
    Consider the projection P: R^3 --> R^3 onto the plane U of equation
    2x1 - 3x2 + x3 = 0 and parallel (the projection) to the vector v=(2,1,0).

    This is to say, P is the linear application defined as follows:

    P(x1,x2,x3) = ( -3x1 + 6x2 - 2x3 , -2x1 + 4x2 - x3 , x3 )

    I can't see why P is defined this way, how they got it, so I would
    appreciate if you could show me the passages step-by-step. In general, I can't understand how to define a projection, given the vector and the plane. Also, I'd
    like to understand what does "parallel to a vector" means in this case.

    Thanks a lot.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 11, 2011 #2

    Bacle2

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