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rabbit44
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Hi quick question, is there a reason that the eigenvalues of Jz, Lz and Sz are all denoted m? Are they the same? Because I have seen them interchanged such as in addition of angular momenta.
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Angular momentum is a physical quantity that measures the rotational motion of an object around an axis. It is a vector quantity, which means it has both magnitude and direction. In simpler terms, it is the amount of rotational energy an object possesses.
Spin is a type of angular momentum that is intrinsic to subatomic particles, such as electrons and protons. It is not related to the physical spinning of the particle, but rather a property that describes its angular momentum. The relationship between the two is that spin is a component of the overall angular momentum of a particle.
According to the law of conservation of angular momentum, the total angular momentum of a closed system remains constant over time, unless acted upon by an external torque. This means that the angular momentum of a system cannot be created or destroyed, but can only be transferred between different objects within the system.
Angular momentum is important in many areas of physics, including classical mechanics, quantum mechanics, and astrophysics. It is a fundamental quantity that helps us understand the behavior of rotating objects, from the spinning of a top to the motion of planets around the sun. It also has practical applications in engineering and technology, such as in the design of vehicles and machinery.
The formula for calculating angular momentum is L = Iω, where L is the angular momentum, I is the moment of inertia, and ω is the angular velocity. The moment of inertia is a measure of an object's resistance to rotational motion, while angular velocity is the rate at which the object is rotating. Therefore, the higher the moment of inertia and angular velocity, the greater the angular momentum.