Read about angular momentum | 171 Discussions | Page 1

  1. E

    Angular Momentum Balance

    we neglect gravity and viscosity efects i really can't understand how does the author managed to get the equation in the image
  2. J

    I Rotation rates of planets seem odd?

    Ok, I know there are a lot of strange things in our solar system. Can anyone explain why the small planets spin so slowly? and why does Jupiter spin so quickly? It seems like a ball of debris, getting smaller and smaller, would increase its speed like an ice-skater pulling their arms in...
  3. P

    To find the angular momentum of a disc

    I was first wondering wether we can solve this question by applying conservation or energy or not but after googling it I found that we can't apply conservation of energy since there will be some energy lost in this case. I don't know how this energy is getting lost. My second doubt was if we...
  4. E

    Work & energy VS conservation of angular momentum

    Summary:: Would energy method give us a different answer from conservation of angular momentum? Hello, I do not know how to type equations here. So, I typed my question in Word and attached it here. Please see photos. Note: This question is not a homework. I did not find it in text books or...
  5. M

    I Conservation of angular momentum and its counterpart for linear momentum

    Hi, I have just joined the forum. Thank you all for being a part of such places so that people like me can get answers to the questions on their minds! --------------------------- I have been trying to understand how a quadcopter yaws. Referring to the figure below which is bird's eye view of...
  6. A

    I What's the importance of the squared of the angular momentum?

    In quantum mechanics one sees what J^2 can offer but why do we even consider looking at the eigenstates and eigenvalues of J^2 and a component of J, say J_z? Why don't we just use J?
  7. J

    Angular momentum of two particles connected by a rigid bar

    Lets do it for the left (the right will be similar): ##r_{left}=[(L-a\sin\theta)\sin\phi,(L+a\cos\theta)\cos\phi]## so ##v_{left}=[-a\dot{\theta}\cos\theta\sin\phi+(L-a\sin\theta)\dot{\phi}\cos\phi,-a\dot{\theta}\sin\theta\cos\phi-(L+a\cos\theta)\dot{\phi}\sin\phi]##. Is this right?
  8. Comeback City

    I Angular Momentum in a Solar Nebula

    Hello all! Hope everyone's been doing well! My question relates to the nebular theory of solar system formation. It is generally accepted that via the nebular hypothesis, matter in a nebula contracts on its own gravity and begins to spin, but I'm having trouble understanding why it must begin...
  9. V

    Expectation value of angular momentum

    ⟨Lx⟩=⟨l,m|Lx|l,m⟩=−iℏ⟨l,m|[Ly,Lz]|l,m⟩
  10. FluffCorgi

    Rotational Motion and moments of inertia

    I have the moment of inertia for the core(initial) and full body(final) but my answer for the moment of inertia for the arms(initial) was incorrect. Arms(initial) moment of inertia:(1/12)(6)(1.7^2)=1.445 this is incorrect for some reason Core(initial) moment of inertia: .9558 Full...
  11. K

    Show that the flywheel inside the train counteracts lean in a curve

    Summary: Consider a train carriage rolling along a curve that forms a left turn on the track. The carriage speed is directed along the y axis (into the plane of the paper) in the figure. The trolley will have a tendency to curl in the curve in the specified direction. A flywheel is inserted...
  12. U

    I The Angular Momentum of an Electric and Magnetic Charge

    Relevant Equations: Angular momentum density stored in an electromagnetic field: $$\vec{l}_{em} = \epsilon_0[\vec{r} \times (\vec{E} \times \vec{B})]$$ Electric field of an electric charge: $$\frac{q_e}{4\pi\epsilon_0}\frac{r - r'}{|r - r'|^3}$$ Magnetic field of a magnetic charge...
  13. kevv11

    Merry Go Round conservation of angular momentum

    So, I was reading my textbook in the section regarding net torque, and they gave an example of a seesaw with one person at each end, and they said that there is a net external torque due to the force of gravity on each person. I completely understand that; however, when I was reading another...
  14. M

    B Question about conservation of angular momentum for charges

    Why is angular momentum conserved for a charge in an electric field?
  15. Boltzman Oscillation

    I Law of conservation of angular momentum

    Given the figure, how can i arrive to this formula knowing that angular momentum is conserved? I know that p = mv and L = p x r. So the initial momentum will be L1 = mV x R and the final momentum will be L2 = mv x r. I am not sure how R will equal to b since the distance between the...
  16. brotherbobby

    Alpha Particle Scattering and angular momentum

    Statement of the problem : "Using the definition L = r ##\times## p, prove that the direction of L is constant for an alpha (##\alpha##) particle whose scattering is shown in the diagram below. " Relevant equations : We are aware that the scattering takes place via a central force F = F(r)...
  17. B

    Angular and Linear Momentum Problem

    Homework Statement A system has a ball and a uniform rod. The rod is rotating about point X on a frictionless table until it strikes the ball. The rod stops and the ball moves away. Variables: Rod's mass: m1 Ball's mass: m2 Rod's original angular velocity: ω Ball's final velocity: v Rod's...
  18. Tibriel

    Will a sliding box fall over when it stops?

    Homework Statement Not an actual homework problem but a discussion that came up in class while we were learning about torque. A tall box is sliding across a surface with friction f, mass m, and velocity v. What equations would you use to figure out if the box would tip over while sliding to a...
  19. L

    Torque and Angular Momentum - Origin Misconception

    Homework Statement (Problems/diagrams referenced are attached as images.) Homework Equations Net torque about an origin = time derivative of the angular momentum vector about the same origin. The Attempt at a Solution I've solved these problems before, but I'm now looking back at them and...
  20. Edge5

    I Does a free electron have an orbital magnetic moment?

    I know that total magnetic moment of an electron (I am not sure if it is magnetic moment of electron or atom, please clarify this) is sum of magnetic moment caused by orbital motion and spin angular momentum. So, Total magnetic moment = Orbital magnetic moment + spin magnetic moment Do I have...
  21. M

    Angular Momentum of a Moving Particle

    Homework Statement A point particle travels in a straight line at constant speed, and the closest distance it comes to the origin of coordinates is a distance l. With respect to this origin, does the particle have nonzero angular momentum? As the particle moves along its straight-line path...
  22. C

    I In what cases (precisely) are Hund's rules valid?

    I can't find on any good source (such as a textbook) a precise specification about the cases when Hund's rules (especially Hund's third rule) for an electronic configuration of atom are valid (the rules help to select the lowest energy state of a configuration). As far as I understood: Hund’s...
  23. L

    Simple Ice Skater with Conservation of Angular Momentum

    Homework Statement Not a HW problem, but a "me re-thinking things" problem. Please tell me where my thinking is flawed: You have an ice skater with no net external torques acting on him/her. (We are analyzing the time after they have to get an external torque on them by pushing off of the...
  24. J

    Angular momentum relative to the origin

    Homework Statement A 2.4 kg particle-like object moves in a plane with velocity components vx = 25 m/s and vy = 80 m/s as it passes through the point with (x, y)coordinates of (3.0, −4.0) m. (Express your answers in vector form.) (a) What is its angular momentum relative to the origin at this...
  25. Bob Jones

    I Why is the specific angular momentum equal to this?

    From a wiki's vis-viva equation page, it is given that the specific angular momentum h is also equal to the following: h = wr^2 = ab * n How can ab * n be derived to be equal to the angular momentum using elliptical orbit energy/momentum/other equations without having to use calculus or...
  26. Igor Oliveira

    Describing the translation and rotation of a square frame

    Homework Statement Four equal discs of mass ocuppy the vertices of a square frame made by four rigid bars of lenght and negligible mass. The frame is at rest on a horizontal table, and it can move with negligible friction. An instantaneous impulse is transmitted to one of the masses, in the...
  27. Z

    How to find the final angular velocity

    Homework Statement 4 persons each with mass m stand out on the edge of the carousel that rotates with angular velocity W0. carousel has mass 4m, radius r and inertia I = 2mr^2. The 4 persons then go all the way to the center of the carousel. Show that the final angular velocity W1 = 3W0 See...
  28. M

    Angular momentum with a large wooden turntable

    Homework Statement Homework Equations Li = Lf L = I*omega K = (1/2)*(I)*(omega)^2 The Attempt at a Solution [/B] Given that there are no non-conservative forces in action, I am assuming that the two kinetic energies should be equal. However, as shown by my work above, the two values...
  29. A

    Finding the relationship between magnetic momentum and angular momentum

    Homework Statement A cylinder with radius ##R## and height ##h## which has a distributed charge on its surface with density ##\sigma## spins over its axis with angular velocity ##\omega##. If the cylinder has a mass density ##\rho##, find the relationship between magnetic momentum and angular...
  30. jybe

    Mechanical energy lost when child jumps onto merry-go-round

    Homework Statement I have a basic problem where a child jumps tangentially onto the outer edge of a stationary merry-go-round, and you have to use conservation of momentum to find the final angular speed of the merry-go-round. But the next part of the question asks "how much mechanical energy...
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