- #1

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- 19

[tex]Q=\epsilon\sigma(T_s^4-T_\infty^4)[/tex]

where we have the emissivity, the S-B constant, the temperature of the surface, and where I would think [itex]T_\infty[/itex] is the effective temperature of outer space, 3K.

How does the presence of the atmosphere affect this model? How have other researchers dealt with this complication?