Hello! I analise metal chemical shifts, its formula is MR4, where M is transition metal, like Palladium, and there is some trend: I > CN > Br > NH3 > NO2 > Cl > H2O, the same trend is observed for similar complex of formula: Pd(R)3Cl, Pd(NH3)2X2, Pd(R)Cl3 So, the metal signal shielding increase in order showed below... I noticed, the less electronegative and bigger halogen ion as ligand, the chemical shift of metal, like palladium, is more shielded. It is probably caused by backdonation of electrons from ligand towards metal. What about the other ligands? For example, NH3 is "less electronegative" ligand than H2O, so lone pair on nitrogen may donate electrons? bond metal-OH2 is more ionic probably, and electrons are shiftes slightly more to oxygen than metal... What about CN, NO2? What can be the effect of this trend? which properties of those ligands may influence chemical shift? it is usually influenced by donation/withdrawing of electrons and so on... polarizability?