# A puzzle of two scalar dynamics

by Accidently
Tags: dynamics, scalar
 P: 37 I have a puzzle when I study the hybrid inflation model. Suppose we have two scalar fields, $\phi_1 and \phi_2$ first, lets consider the situation where they are in their independent potentials $V(\phi_i)=m_i^2\phi_i^2, i = 1,2$ with initial value $\phi_i^{ini}$ We can solve the scalar dynamic equations for them. And they are both in harmonic oscillation. This is Okay. But when a 'mixing term' $\lambda^2 \phi_1\phi_2$ is introduced, $\phi_1$ and $\phi_2$ get infinite values, if \lambda is large. This can be showed numerically. What I thought is the large mixing term would lead to $\phi_1 = \phi_2$. So why it goes to infinite? And we can rotate $\phi_1$ and $\phi_2$ to a basis where there is no mixing term. In this basis, we would not get infinite values for $\phi_1$ or $\phi_2$. So it seems I get a different result working in different basis. What is the problem
 Sci Advisor PF Gold P: 9,445 You are confusing scalar quantities with vector quantities.
P: 4,802
 Quote by Accidently I have a puzzle when I study the hybrid inflation model. Suppose we have two scalar fields, $\phi_1 and \phi_2$ first, lets consider the situation where they are in their independent potentials $V(\phi_i)=m_i^2\phi_i^2, i = 1,2$ with initial value $\phi_i^{ini}$ We can solve the scalar dynamic equations for them. And they are both in harmonic oscillation. This is Okay. But when a 'mixing term' $\lambda^2 \phi_1\phi_2$ is introduced, $\phi_1$ and $\phi_2$ get infinite values, if \lambda is large. This can be showed numerically. What I thought is the large mixing term would lead to $\phi_1 = \phi_2$. So why it goes to infinite? And we can rotate $\phi_1$ and $\phi_2$ to a basis where there is no mixing term. In this basis, we would not get infinite values for $\phi_1$ or $\phi_2$. So it seems I get a different result working in different basis. What is the problem
How large are we talking? I don't think you can go above $\lambda^2 = m_1^2 + m_2^2$ and have sensible results.

P: 37
A puzzle of two scalar dynamics

 Quote by Chronos You are confusing scalar quantities with vector quantities.
do you mean scalars can not mix? I thought about that. But my understanding is two fields can mix if they have exactly the same quantum number.
P: 37
 Quote by Chalnoth How large are we talking? I don't think you can go above $\lambda^2 = m_1^2 + m_2^2$ and have sensible results.
The limit sounds reasonable. But why do we have this limit? Unfortunately, I am consider some process which can go beyond this limit (for example, a fast scattering between the two scalars, bringing the two fields to equilibrium.)
If your cross term is zero, then the mixing matrix is diagonal, and the particles we observe are the fundamental particles. If, however, the mixing term is at the limit $\lambda^2 = m_1^2 + m_2^2$, then the mixing matrix is saying that there are is in actuality only one fundamental particle that is mixed into these two, and the behavior of the system is fully-specified by the behavior of one of the particles. If you try to get larger off-diagonal terms, the mixing matrix ceases to make any sort of physical sense.