## Quantity of buffer solution needed to resist pH change

Hello there,

I've got a question here which asks me to calculate how much (in mol/L) of buffer solution to add to 1 litre of solution to resist the change away from a pH of 7.0.

a) if there was an increase of 3.99367 x 10-8 of [H+] ions

Because the question is talking about pH in a swimming pool, I'm going to assmume that the buffer solution is chlorine.

I have no idea how to approach this?

any assitance will be appreciated
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 Admin The way it is worded now it doesn't make sense and can't be solved. First of all, answer depends on the buffer identity (more precisely - on the pKa of the acid used), and I don't like the idea of chlorine being called "a buffer solution". Then, when you add acid to the buffered solution pH goes down - always. Magnitude of the change depends on the amount of acid and on the buffer capacity, so as long as you are not told by how much pH can change, you can't give any answer.
 No Well, I just assumed that Chlorine could react with the extra hyrogen ions in solution, by forming hydrochloric acid, thus, lowering the concentration of [H+] ions?

## Quantity of buffer solution needed to resist pH change

If anything, Cl2 reacts with water undergoing disproportionation and producing two acids, so it lowers the pH.
 Heh... I didn't actually think about that. How about something like Sodium Carbonate? Na2CO3 The sodiums will ionise in solution and whats left should be Carbonate, which will form Carbonic Acid? will that increase the pH?
 Admin Now you are just throwing compounds around. Yes, solution of sodium carbonate has pH above 7. Does it change the fact question as stated doesn't make sense?
 Well I figured that the disociation of carbonic acid was what put in hydrogen ions in solution to begin with (in an earlier part of the same question), I just needed to do the reverse to push the pH back. Plus, Soda Ash is something used in Pools... What I'm trying to figure out is: How much Sodium Carbonate do I need to neutralize 3.99367 x 10-8 of H+ ions I know that Carbonic acid is di-protic and the pka values are pKa1 = 6.367 pKa2 = 10.329 Although I'm not sure what units they'd be in, and I'm pretty sure this is for the forward reaction