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Why does long wavelength infrared not penetrate glass?

by quantum123
Tags: glass, infrared, penetrate, wavelength
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quantum123
#1
Mar21-10, 10:18 PM
P: 312
Why does long wavelength infrared not penetrate glass?
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gcarreau
#2
Mar22-10, 02:25 PM
P: 7
Glass is designed to only allow visible wavelength to pass, and once you get to the infrared spectrum glass simply absorbs it.

(http://www.dandydesigns.org/id58.html this kinda explains it)
quantum123
#3
Mar22-10, 09:23 PM
P: 312
If that is true, then we would not be able to feel the sun's heat standing beside a closed window.

Lok
#4
Mar23-10, 04:22 AM
P: 441
Why does long wavelength infrared not penetrate glass?

If I remmeber glass has impurities that block infrared, as pure SiO2 transmits it to some degree.

Btw. the sun light can heat you through a glass window because other wave lengths can heat object too. Blue light is highly energetic foe exemple, an so if absorbed it gives a lot of heat, although in natural light it is not predominant by intensity (# of photons per second).
SpectraCat
#5
Mar23-10, 06:57 AM
Sci Advisor
P: 1,395
Long wavelength infrared doesn't penetrate glass because of the molecular-level IR absorbance of the silica. Silica has a *very* strong band at around 1200 cm-1. This band blocks > 99% of the light at that frequency even at very low concentrations (i.e. a few mg of ground up glass in a KBr pellet). So, when you have the bulk material, that band is extremely broad, and produces complete extinction all the way out to ~2500 cm-1 (about 4 microns wavelength), and down to < 200 cm-1 (~ 50 microns). There is another strong band around 3500 cm-1 for the surface terminated Si-OH bonds, but there are no significant absorptions in the near-infrared (i.e. from 4000 cm-1 up to the visible, which starts around 13000 cm-1 or so). The latter point is why you can still feel radiant heat through a glass window pane, as you suspected.

It should be noted that there are many different varieties of silica/glass/quartz, and all of them have different transmission properties, however, non of them transmit to any significant extent at photon energies below 2500 cm-1, as far as I am aware.
mgb_phys
#6
Mar23-10, 09:57 AM
Sci Advisor
HW Helper
P: 8,955
Quote Quote by TESLACOILZAP View Post
Ive always wondered why something as dense as glass or water is transparent
It comes up a lot here - it's probably in the sticky thread, do a search for a more complete answer

In simple terms a photon excites an atom (strictly a bond between atoms)
This then de-excites emitting a new photon. the trick is that in a crystal the atoms are arranged in a regular pattern so the new photon goes off in the same direction.
Glass is a bit tricky, the atoms aren't in a regular pattern like a diamond but they are fixed

In a metal there are lots of free electrons on the surface which absorb any photons, but because these aren't in a regular pattern the emmitted photon goes off in a random direction - so metals are reflective.

Also most commercial glass is also made so that any impurities which absorb visible light are removed, to make it as clear as possible.


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