# Why is it difficult to integrate x^x

by latyph
Tags: difficult, integrate
 P: 8 I tried doing this but could not,why is it so?
 Sci Advisor HW Helper P: 11,835 It's not difficult.Nobody thought of defining a special function to account for its antiderivative. Daniel.
 Sci Advisor HW Helper P: 1,123 Because it can't be integrated in terms of elementary functions. Most functions are 'not easy' to integrate in this way.
Math
Emeritus
Thanks
PF Gold
P: 38,713

## Why is it difficult to integrate x^x

Or, to say the same thing that Dextercioby and Zurtex said, in different words, because there is no elementary function whose derivative is xx!
 Sci Advisor HW Helper PF Gold P: 11,983 A better question would be: Why is it simple to integrate f(x)=1?
 P: 70 i tried doin it ,but always get to a place i cant continue.who can help integrate [(x^x)(1+LOG[X])]^2.All help will be appreciated
HW Helper
PF Gold
P: 11,983
 Quote by abia ubong i tried doin it ,but always get to a place i cant continue.who can help integrate [(x^x)(1+LOG[X])]^2.All help will be appreciated
You won't get any, since an anti-derivative of x^x is inexpressible in terms of elementary functions.
 P: 23 when i plugged it into the integrator of mathematica it gave it back as same...i dont know why it did not do computation.
HW Helper
P: 1,123
 Quote by goldi when i plugged it into the integrator of mathematica it gave it back as same...i dont know why it did not do computation.
Because as said many times previously in this thread, it can not be integrated in terms of elementary functions.
 P: 23 i understand that yeah...but even Mathematica couldn't post the solution in terms of complex functions or whatever high level function it ocntains... there must be a solution to it....What it is?
HW Helper
P: 1,123
 Quote by goldi i understand that yeah...but even Mathematica couldn't post the solution in terms of complex functions or whatever high level function it ocntains... there must be a solution to it....What it is?
There are no special functions defined in general mathematics for the integral.

If you want a function that is the anti-derivative of xx then just define one and then you can study its properties.
 Sci Advisor HW Helper P: 9,398 There is a solution it is the function F such that dF/dx is x^x. But we can't write it anymore nicely than that, and there is nothing surprising about it. Almost no functions have integrals that we can write out nicely and explicitly in some closed form. How many times must that be said in this thread? Shall we lock it now to stop yet another person having to say it?
 P: 23 Sorry but i am such a big fool that yours terminology is not clear to me....Last time-Has its integral ever calculated ...or as ppl are saying that it has such a function as integral that has never been defined./so is research going on over this i have a question......how can we integrate x*Sec(x) i have tried this question than any other question ever..... the point is that it was asked in my 12th class and when i plug it into Integrator i could not even understand the solution...
 Sci Advisor HW Helper PF Gold P: 11,983 Any particular definite integral of x^x can, of course be calculated to an arbitrary degree of accuracy by numerical techniques.
 P: 789 To integrate x*Sec(x) I would use integration by parts, but in this case the tabular method will work nicely. $$\int x\sec{x}dx$$ $$\int udv = uv - \int vdu$$ $$u = x$$ $$dv = \sec{x}dx$$ That should get you started.
 Sci Advisor HW Helper P: 11,835 I think you meant $$dv=\sec x \ dx$$ I'm not sure though... Daniel.
P: n/a
 Quote by Zurtex If you want a function that is the anti-derivative of xx then just define one and then you can study its properties.
Has it been done before? Any interesting properties?
 HW Helper P: 2,280 Look for Liouville's Principle about integration in finite terms.

 Related Discussions General Math 4 Calculus & Beyond Homework 5 Introductory Physics Homework 2 Introductory Physics Homework 2 Introductory Physics Homework 3