What is Motor design: Definition and 13 Discussions

An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Most electric motors operate through the interaction between the motor's magnetic field and electric current in a wire winding to generate force in the form of torque applied on the motor's shaft. Electric motors can be powered by direct current (DC) sources, such as from batteries, or rectifiers, or by alternating current (AC) sources, such as a power grid, inverters or electrical generators. An electric generator is mechanically identical to an electric motor, but operates with a reversed flow of power, converting mechanical energy into electrical energy.
Electric motors may be classified by considerations such as power source type, internal construction, application and type of motion output. In addition to AC versus DC types, motors may be brushed or brushless, may be of various phase (see single-phase, two-phase, or three-phase), and may be either air-cooled or liquid-cooled. General-purpose motors with standard dimensions and characteristics provide convenient mechanical power for industrial use. The largest electric motors are used for ship propulsion, pipeline compression and pumped-storage applications with ratings reaching 100 megawatts. Electric motors are found in industrial fans, blowers and pumps, machine tools, household appliances, power tools and disk drives. Small motors may be found in electric watches. In certain applications, such as in regenerative braking with traction motors, electric motors can be used in reverse as generators to recover energy that might otherwise be lost as heat and friction.
Electric motors produce linear or rotary force (torque) intended to propel some external mechanism, such as a fan or an elevator. An electric motor is generally designed for continuous rotation, or for linear movement over a significant distance compared to its size. Magnetic solenoids are also transducers that convert electrical power to mechanical motion, but can produce motion over only a limited distance.
Electric motors are much more efficient than the other prime mover used in industry and transportation, the internal combustion engine (ICE); electric motors are typically over 95% efficient while ICEs are well below 50%. They are also lightweight, physically smaller, are mechanically simpler and cheaper to build, can provide instant and consistent torque at any speed, can run on electricity generated by renewable sources and do not exhaust carbon into the atmosphere. For these reasons electric motors are replacing internal combustion in transportation and industry, although their use in vehicles is currently limited by the high cost and weight of batteries that can give sufficient range between charges.

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  1. C

    Auto/Motor Build a Motor DIY - No Machine Shop Needed

    Hello everyone, I wanted to build an electric motor, and I have done quite a bit of research on it. However, all the links that I get are for “simple motors”, which are essentially just a D battery, a kitchen magnet, and coil of copper wire. I have tried these already, but I wanted to build a...
  2. SuperSneaky666

    How powerful is this motor?

    I am a beginner in Electronics and motors, and I want to build a DIY device that is like this I am just wondering how powerful is that motor that turns the globe in the device, which would hold the cat waste and litter. I am looking to get a powerful enough motor from Amazon.ca but just not...
  3. S

    Home-made electrical motor not running

    Here are the details. I started with a nut and bolt, and drilled a hole down the center of it. I inverted and glued into place a carbon fiber rod in the hole. I glued a bit on the end of the bolt. I wrapped magnet wire around the bolt on each side of the rod 400 times. I made a commutator using...
  4. I

    Is it possible to reduce back EMF in DC motors using shorting rings?

    Shorting rings (also called Faraday rings) are commonly used in loudspeakers to reduce the back emf that is induced in their voice coils. Could something similar, i.e. shorted turns of wire that are placed in the same plane as each of the windings in a DC motor, be used to reduce the back emf...
  5. D

    Space vector modulation, motor control, implementation question

    Hello, I am after some help to try and understand SVM implementation is a micro that controls a motor. As I understand it one of the advantages of using space vector modulation over sinusoidal PWM modulation in motor control is that it can control the phase voltages such that the line-to-line...
  6. George-M

    Number of Turns vs. Wire Gauge (BLDC Motor)

    Summary: For the same mass of copper wire, would more turns or greater thickness create a stronger magnetic field from a coil? So I am attempting to make a brush less DC motor, and I am wondering whether the coils would create a greater magnetic force if there are more turns or if the wire is...
  7. B

    WEG IE4 induction motor design

    Hello, is there anyone who knows how WEG managed to get IE4 efficiency rating for their motors while keeping Aluminum for cage on rotor? http://ecatalog.weg.net/tec_cat/tech_motor_sel_web.asp# Best regards
  8. Narayanan KR

    A motor design to defy Lenz' law?

    1. The two rotors (purple, green) are electricaly isolated but mechanically fit to rotate along same axis 2. The motor action on the left side rotor will move the armature set, this will produce currents in right side rotor that will pass via a variable load. 3. do you see the magnetic fields...
  9. D

    Hello Everyone....Single phase induction motor design

    is there anyone who knows a company that can design single phase induction motor prototypes in the UK..Thanks for your help
  10. M

    Single phase Induction motor Design

    I want to design a single phase induction motor (1/3 HP,50Hz,220V). I face a problem to design the main dimension of stator and Slot shape and Rotor skew angle . Would you give some idea for design ? or any related book and software ?
  11. R

    Electric Motor Design? Learn How in EE School Classes

    I've been looking at the undergrad catalog of my school and I haven't noticed any classes that teach motor design. I found classes on drives and motor control but nothing on the actual design of motors/generators. I always thought electric machines was a fundamental topic that all EE curriculums...
  12. M

    DC motor design calculations, help?

    Homework Statement Hi, well my task is to construct a DC motor. With 25w rotational mechanical output power. It cannot draw more then 5A current, and has to have 3 or more poles in rotation. The motor must be brushed/commutated. There is a max of 30v D.C. input. The motor needs to be built and...
  13. S

    Induction motor design

    hello everyone my graduate project is 10-hp 3-phase induction motor can anyone teel me where to buy parts (stators,rotors,frames...etc) from USA or any other i need the company (or shop) site so i choose the required one for my design specification something like digikey for electronic...