The solar mass (M☉) is a standard unit of mass in astronomy, equal to approximately 2×1030 kg. It is often used to indicate the masses of other stars, as well as stellar clusters, nebulae, galaxies and black holes. It is approximately equal to the mass of the Sun. This equates to about two nonillion (short scale) or two quintillion (long scale) kilograms:
M☉ = (1.98847±0.00007)×1030 kgThe solar mass is about 333000 times the mass of Earth (M⊕), or 1047 times the mass of Jupiter (MJ).
In the test of General Relativity by perihelion motion of mercury, the stress-energy tensor is set to 0 in Schwarzschild solution. Then, is the curvature caused by solar mass, or by the 0 stress-energy? Or, do we consider solar mass as the gravitating mass? Or the 0 stress-energy the gravitating...
Suppose there is a 1 million solar mass black hole. A 1.022MeV photon near a nucleus produces an electron-positron pair a distance=A from the event horizon. The positron’s vector is directly “up” away from the singularity. It doesn’t have escape velocity. It reaches an apogee at distance=B from...
Homework Statement
Imagine two planets orbiting a star with orbits edge-on to the Earth. The peak Doppler shift for each 70 m/s, but one has a period of 7 days and the other has a period of 700 days. The star has a mass of one solar mass. (Assume 1 solar mass equals 2E+30 kg.)
Q1: Calculate...
I try to get a correct result for the radius of a standard white dwark (roughly 10000 km).
I just want the order of magnitude , i.e with the common values of a solar mass into Earth radius sphere.
From http://www.astro.umontreal.ca/~bergeron/CoolingModels/Synthetic_Calibration.pdf page 1223...
Homework Statement
A asteroid is hurtling towards Earth and humankind has decided to fire a nuclear warhead at it in order to avert disaster. In order be most effective the rocket carrying the warhead has to impact the asteroid at 40km/s. The rocket itself travels at 12km/s. What remains is to...
Homework Statement
The nuclear reactions in a star’s core are very sensitive to pressure and temperature, so high mass stars have much higher luminosities. The luminosities of massive stars have been observed to obey the following scaling relationship with mass (M):
Lstar = (34.2)*M^2.4...
Yesterday I had a bizarre idea. I supposed that a black hole (which I assumed to be a sufficiently dense sphere) became our sun. I know this is completely wrong, but please humor me and see what I've done.
Suppose we have a sphere sufficiently dense, so that the Schwarzschild radius, r_s, is...
Hi guys, so I know the sun is losing mass because it is radiating energy away. This leads me to wonder about some things - I have been trying to figure out what the mass of the sun was ~4.5 billion years ago (current age of the sun).
Also I am interested in knowing what the mass will be ~6.5...
This paper proposes a 100 solar mass black hole in nearby Orion Nebula:
http://arxiv.org/abs/1209.2114
Exciting if true. I have no particular comments, just thought it should be noted here.
Homework Statement
Calculate the energy generation coefficient ε (J s^-s kg^-1) in the center of a 50 Solar mass Main Sequence star, assuming that all luminosity is generated in a constant density core containing one tenth of the total mass of the star.
Homework Equations
L=M^3.3...
This is just a small part of one of my problems. I need to find the luminosity of a stellar population containing 100 solar mass stars and one 20 solar mass star.
I think that the 20 solar mass star will dominate, but I am not sure. Here is the formula to use:
L/Lsun = (M/Msun)^3.5
I...
From nuclear theory and texts its known that every second 570 millions tons of hydrogen are converted to 566 millton hellium,hence Sun loss 4 mill tons of mass in a second. But ¿how do astrophicisist probe experimentally this number?,have they measured solar gravity field or Earth atraction...
Okie dokie, I searched the web and found L=M ^ 3.5 (luminosity equals mass to the power of 3.5). But, I'm pretty clueless on anything beyond Algebra I. How do I solve for M if I know L? [If the answer can be expressed in Visual Basic syntax, all the better.]
I also read several caveats...