# A corrected proof that all numbers are the same.

• Jimmy Snyder
In summary: Sorry, I think in the proof of the that all horses are the same color, by induction. (Which is clearly not true.) The error is that it compared the 1st horse to itself, so its the same color as it self.
Jimmy Snyder
All numbers are the same

Pf: First I will show that for any countable set of numbers Z, all the numbers in Z are the same. Let A = {a, b, c, ..., d} be any nonempty subset of Z. Then a = b= c= ... = d as I shall show by induction on the number of elements in A. Notice that for all singletons, A = {a}, the statement is vacuously true. Now assume that the statement is true for any subset that contains n elements {a1, a2, ..., an} and let A = {a1, a2, ..., a(n+1)} with n + 1 elements. Then the set B= {a1, a2, ..., an} has n elements and so by assumption a1 = a2 = ... = an. Likewise the set C = {a2, a3, ..., a(n+1)} has n elements and so by assumption a2 = a3 = ... = a(n+1). Combining these two sets of equalities, a1 = a2 = a3 = ... = a(n+1). So all the elements of A are the same. Hence, by induction, all numbers in Z are the same.

Next I will show that all numbers are the same. By the first part, all integers are the same. Suppose there is a number which is not the same as the integers, call it w. Then the set W = {w} union the integers is a countable set of numbers and so by the first part they are all the same, contradicting the statement that w is different. Therefore, all numbers are the same.

This same argument can be used to prove that all horses are the same color. And since Washington rode a white horse, we know that all horses are white. Since horses have two hindlegs in back and forelegs in front, that makes 6 legs so they have an even number of legs. However, for a mammal, 6 is an odd number of legs and so they have a number of legs which is both even and odd. Since no number is both even and odd, they must have infinitely many legs. We know that in the Triple Crown of 1973, Secretariat raced on all three legs, but that's a horse of another color.

Last edited:
You can't compare it to it self.

Bright Wang said:
You can't compare it to it self.
I'm not sure what is meant by this. However, if it is a criticism of the statement that all the elements of a singleton set are equal to each other, then you are not correct. To see that all the elements of a singleton set are equal to each other, consider the contrapositive statement: There is no pair of elements of the set that are different. This is vacuously true since there is no pair of elements. On the other hand if you had some other meaning in mind, then can you please clarify?

jimmysnyder said:
I'm not sure what is meant by this. However, if it is a criticism of the statement that all the elements of a singleton set are equal to each other, then you are not correct. To see that all the elements of a singleton set are equal to each other, consider the contrapositive statement: There is no pair of elements of the set that are different. This is vacuously true since there is no pair of elements. On the other hand if you had some other meaning in mind, then can you please clarify?

Sorry, I think in the proof of the that all horses are the same color, by induction. (Which is clearly not true.) The error is that it compared the 1st horse to itself, so its the same color as it self. It was 5am when i posted? Maybe sleep posting.

Perhaps it would be easier to use the word corral instead of the word set when it comes to horses. In every corral that contains a single horse, all the horses in that corral are the same color. For surely there are not two horses of differing colors in a corral that contains but a single horse. If you agree to that, then just change the word horse to number, corral to set, and strike the word color.

To validate your proof you need to assure set B and C have at least one common element, that means simply verifying n=1 is not enough, you also need to verify n=2 case, and it will fail.

Correct kof9595995.

## What is the concept of "A corrected proof that all numbers are the same"?

"A corrected proof that all numbers are the same" is a mathematical concept that attempts to prove that all numbers, regardless of their value, are equal to each other. This claim goes against the commonly accepted understanding that different numbers have different values.

## Who proposed the idea of "A corrected proof that all numbers are the same"?

The idea of "A corrected proof that all numbers are the same" was first proposed by mathematician George Spencer-Brown in his book Laws of Form, published in 1969.

## What is the significance of "A corrected proof that all numbers are the same" in mathematics?

If the claim of "A corrected proof that all numbers are the same" is proven to be true, it would have significant implications for the field of mathematics. It would require a complete reevaluation of fundamental mathematical principles and could potentially revolutionize the way we understand and work with numbers.

## What are some arguments against the concept of "A corrected proof that all numbers are the same"?

There are several arguments against the concept of "A corrected proof that all numbers are the same." One of the main arguments is that it goes against our everyday experience and understanding of numbers. Additionally, many mathematicians argue that the proof itself is flawed and does not hold up to rigorous scrutiny.

## Has "A corrected proof that all numbers are the same" been officially proven?

As of now, there is no universally accepted proof of the concept of "A corrected proof that all numbers are the same." While some mathematicians continue to explore this idea, it remains a controversial and unproven concept in the field of mathematics.

• Engineering and Comp Sci Homework Help
Replies
7
Views
932
• Topology and Analysis
Replies
2
Views
392
• Linear and Abstract Algebra
Replies
1
Views
983
• Calculus and Beyond Homework Help
Replies
1
Views
555
• Math Proof Training and Practice
Replies
12
Views
518
• General Math
Replies
15
Views
1K
• Precalculus Mathematics Homework Help
Replies
3
Views
987
• Set Theory, Logic, Probability, Statistics
Replies
57
Views
6K
• Calculus and Beyond Homework Help
Replies
1
Views
1K
• Linear and Abstract Algebra
Replies
11
Views
1K