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A problem with sums 1+2+3+4+5+6

  1. Mar 25, 2010 #1
    using an exponential regulator [tex] exp(-\epsilon n) [/tex] the sum

    [tex] 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+............= -1/12+ 1/\epsilon^{2} [/tex]

    and for Casimir effect [tex] 1+8+27+64+125+............= -1/120+ 1/\epsilon^{4} [/tex]

    can i simply remove in the calculations of divergent series 1+2+3+4+5.. and similar the epsilon terms imposing renormalization conditions ??

    how about for the rest of sums [tex] 1+2^{m}+3^{m}+..........= \zeta (-m) + 1/\epsilon ^{m+1} [/tex]

    if i introducte a power regulator [tex] n^{-s} [/tex] in the limit s-->0+ i would get

    [tex] \zeta(s-m)=\zeta(-m) [/tex] but i am not sure, why this work

    for example in the definition of a functional determinant (in differential geommetry )

    [tex] \prod_{i} \lambda_{i} [/tex] apparently there is no divergent term proportional to [tex] log(\epsilon) [/tex] as one would expect since the product is divergent
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 25, 2010 #2

    arivero

    User Avatar
    Gold Member

    Now I see the series, a related problem comes from Conway via Baez:
    Let [tex]
    1+2^{m}+3^{m}+......+ N^m= U^m
    [/tex]
    For which values of N, m do we get an integer value for U?

    In some strange way, string theory relates the solution N=24 (or 26?), m=2 with the regulation of N=infinity, m=1
     
    Last edited: Mar 25, 2010
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