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Actual truck speed (geometric optics)

  1. Dec 28, 2009 #1
    [​IMG]

    this is the solution found in the solution manual,

    [​IMG]

    I didn't understand the part of taking the derivative part, that is how does this [​IMG] turn into this [​IMG]

    please explain carefully
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 28, 2009 #2

    Redbelly98

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    This is an example of a "related rates" problem that could be given in 1st-semester calculus.

    The chain rule from calculus tells us that
    [tex]\frac{ds'}{dt} = \frac{ds'}{ds} \ \frac{ds}{dt}[/tex]​
    You can work out for yourself what ds'/ds is, and take it from there.
     
  4. Dec 28, 2009 #3
    i really don't know how to do that. i'll be very appreciated if you help me with this
     
  5. Dec 29, 2009 #4

    Redbelly98

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    Well, you do need to have taken calculus in order to understand this solution. It uses the quotient rule for taking derivatives, which is explained here if you need a review of it:


    So, we have an expression for s' in terms of s:
    [​IMG]
    Take the derivative of the right-hand-side of the equation, with respect to s. (f is a constant here.) Remember, you need to use the quotient rule to take the derivative here.
     
  6. Dec 29, 2009 #5
    if i take the derivitive of this I'll have -fs/(s-f)^2.

    what soul i do after that
     
  7. Dec 29, 2009 #6

    Redbelly98

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    That doesn't look right. Can you show your work in how you got that result?

    p.s. I'm not sure how familiar you are with our forums, so I'll just mention the following. Our philosophy is for students to do the majority of the work in solving problems, with hints and guidance from the "helpers" like me. We believe this approach makes the student think more and learn the material better.

    Just in case you're wondering why I'm not working out the steps for you, that is why :smile:
     
    Last edited: Dec 29, 2009
  8. Dec 30, 2009 #7

    Redbelly98

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    If it helps, I can review what to do with the formula from the wikipedia article at http://upload.wikimedia.org/math/a/c/e/acedbab55b97d9c1bb42c57302faea9a.png

    To take the derivative of a function g(s) / h(s), the formula is

    [tex] \frac{g'(s)h(s) - g(s)h'(s)}{[h(s)]^2}[/tex]

    We have

    g(s) = fs
    h(s) = (s-f)​

    so you'll need to figure out what g'(s) and h'(s) are, then plug into the formula.
     
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