Astronomy has always been my passion (you guys probably here this hundreds of times on this forum), but I was always afraid to studying it in undergrad or grad school because of the very limited academic job openings in astronomy/astrophysics. However, I recently came across a research area in astrostatistics/astroinformatics on the internet, and it appears that CMU and Penn State are researching this area currently. What is the difference between astrostatistics and astroinformatics? I understand that this a is a relatively new area of study, and I was wondering if any members on this forum could shed some light and give their perspectives on the subject. If one wanted to study or conduct research in astrostatistics/astroinformatics, what should one study as an undergraduate student? I am currently finishing up my first year as an applied mathematics major. I recently thought of minoring instead of double majoring in physics because I haven't taken any physics courses yet, and I'm afraid I won't graduate on time. Should I stick with applied math and minor in physics (I could choose my electives in astrophysics, if this is recommended), or should I major in statistics and minor in physics? Maybe even major in statistics and double minor in math and physics? What should I study in graduate school if I wanted to get into astrostatistics/astroinformatics? I was thinking of applied mathematics or statistics. And finally, how are the academic job opportunities in this field? Thanks in advance for your input!