# Calculate density of Oxygen at STP

• EroAlchemist
In summary: R values.In summary, the conversation is about calculating the density of oxygen at STP using the ideal gas law. The attempt at a solution involves using the formula PV=nRT and setting the volume to 1 m3, pressure to 1 atm, and temperature to 273 K. However, the answer obtained is significantly different from the book answer of 1.43 kg/m3. The discrepancy is most likely due to incorrect units used for the gas constant, which can be found in a table of values and should be chosen to match the units used for pressure and volume.
EroAlchemist

## Homework Statement

Calculate the density of Oxygen at STP using the ideal gas law

PV=nRT

## The Attempt at a Solution

n = (X grams Oxygen / 16g/mol Oxygen)
I set V = to 1 m3
P = 1 atm
R = 8.315 J/Mol K
T = 273 K

PV = nRT
PV/RT = n
1/(8.315*273) = X grams Oxygen / 16g/mol Oxygen
[1/(8.315*273)]*16 = X grams Oxygen
X = .007g/m3

Book answer is 1.43 kg/m3. I'm way off somewhere.
Thanks for any help!

The SI unit of pressure is the pascal. 1 atm = 101,325 Pa. Try this in the equation and see what you get.
However I'm not sure about the *16 you got, you might want to look that up it doesn't seem right, but I can't remember how you work it out.

EroAlchemist said:
n = (X grams Oxygen / 16g/mol Oxygen)

Oxygen gas consist of O2molecules. The atomic weight of the oxygen atom is 16 g/mol. The molar weight of the oxygen gas is 32 g/mol.

ehild

As madmike already signaled - watch your units. There are plenty of possible R values to select for to fit units used for volume and pressure, the one you used requires you to use pressure in Pa.

Check out table in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ideal_gas_constant

Your approach is correct, but it seems like you made a calculation error in the last step. The book answer of 1.43 kg/m3 is the correct answer. Here is the correct calculation:

n = (X grams Oxygen / 16g/mol Oxygen)
V = 1 m3
P = 1 atm = 101325 Pa
R = 8.315 J/mol K
T = 273 K

Using the ideal gas law, PV = nRT, we can rearrange it to solve for density (d = m/V):

d = (nRT)/V
d = (X grams Oxygen / 16g/mol Oxygen) * (8.315 J/mol K) * (273 K) / (1 m3)
d = (X/16) * (2263.295 J/m3 K)
d = (X/16) * (0.002263295 kg/m3 K)

Now, we know that at STP (Standard Temperature and Pressure), the density of oxygen is 1.43 kg/m3. So, we can set the above equation equal to 1.43 kg/m3 and solve for X:

1.43 kg/m3 = (X/16) * (0.002263295 kg/m3 K)
X = 1.43 * 16 * (1/0.002263295)
X = 10.15 grams

Therefore, the density of oxygen at STP is 10.15 grams/m3 or 1.43 kg/m3, which matches the book answer. Keep in mind that the units for density should be in kg/m3, not g/m3, so always double check your units when doing calculations.

## 1. What is the formula for calculating density of Oxygen at STP?

The formula for calculating density of Oxygen at STP is density = mass/volume.

## 2. What is the value of density of Oxygen at STP?

The value of density of Oxygen at STP is 1.429 g/L.

## 3. What is the unit of measurement for density of Oxygen at STP?

The unit of measurement for density of Oxygen at STP is g/L (grams per liter).

## 4. How do you determine the mass of Oxygen at STP?

The mass of Oxygen at STP can be determined by using the ideal gas law: PV = nRT, where P is pressure, V is volume, n is the number of moles, R is the ideal gas constant, and T is temperature.

## 5. Can the density of Oxygen at STP vary?

No, the density of Oxygen at STP (standard temperature and pressure) is a constant value. However, it can vary at different temperatures and pressures.

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