# Calculating the Speed of Hoops: A Physics Problem

• John O' Meara
In summary, if the radius of the small hoop is b and its mass is m and the radius of the large hoop is 3b and its mass is 3m, then the center of mass of the large hoop will move 29*v^2=g*b away from the small hoop.
John O' Meara
Suppose in the figure attached View attachment Doc1.doc that the two hoops are rigidly fastened together. The system is released from the position shown and there is negligible friction between the large hoop and the table. How fast relative to the table is the center of the large hoop moving when the centers of the two hoops lie on a vertical line? If the radius of the small hoop is b and its mass is m and the radius of the large hoop =3b and its mass is 3m.
My attempt: If x=0 is the present position of the hoops then their center of mass is x_cm = -b/2. I=I1+I2=3*m*(3b)^2 + m*b^2 = 28*m*b^2.
Ug = Ktrans +Krot
4*m*g*b/2 = .5*4*m*v^2 + .5*I*v^2/(-b/2)^2
2*m*g*b = 2*m*v^2 + 2*28*b^2*v^2/b^2
= 2*m*v^2 + 56*m*v^2. Therefore 29*v^2=g*b. Therefore v = (g*b/29)^.5;
Is this the correct answer, if not where did I go wrong? Thanks.

John O' Meara said:
Suppose in the figure attached View attachment 8109 that the two hoops are rigidly fastened together. The system is released from the position shown and there is negligible friction between the large hoop and the table. How fast relative to the table is the center of the large hoop moving when the centers of the two hoops lie on a vertical line? If the radius of the small hoop is b and its mass is m and the radius of the large hoop =3b and its mass is 3m.
My attempt: If x=0 is the present position of the hoops then their center of mass is

x_cm = -b/2

I=I1+I2=3*m*(3b)^2 + m*b^2 = 28*m*b^2

Ug = Ktrans +Krot

4*m*g*b/2 = .5*4*m*v^2 + .5*I*v^2/(-b/2)^2

2*m*g*b = 2*m*v^2 + 2*28*b^2*v^2/b^2
= 2*m*v^2 + 56*m*v^2.

Therefore 29*v^2=g*b.

Therefore v = (g*b/29)^.5;

Is this the correct answer, if not where did I go wrong? Thanks.
I think you have a problem with your moment of inertia and relating the v you calculated to what was asked. If you are treating the two loops as one object and looking for the velocity of the CM, then you need I about the CM. Then you need to recognize that vCM is not the velocity of the center of the big hoop. I doubt that doing neither of these things leads to the correct answer.

You could do separate calculations of energies of the two hoops connecting their velocities at the moment in question by the geometry and solve for v_big, or you can continue to pursue the CM approach you started.

I'll try to pursue the cm first and see where it gets me.1st;
Torque = I*(alpha), i.e., 4*m*g*b/2=I*(alpha) => 2*m*g=I*a/b^2, Then I = 2*m*g*b^2/a. So I need another equation with a in it. And such an equation is not obvious to me.

John O' Meara said:
I'll try to pursue the cm first and see where it gets me.1st;
Torque = I*(alpha), i.e., 4*m*g*b/2=I*(alpha) => 2*m*g=I*a/b^2, Then I = 2*m*g*b^2/a. So I need another equation with a in it. And such an equation is not obvious to me.
Your energy approach was OK. You can find the moment of inertia about the center of mass using the parallel axis theorem. You just need to know the distance to the CM from a point where you can calculate I. You know how to calculate I for each hoop at its center (that is what you did earlier) so you can find the I for each hoop about the CM of the combination of the two. The net I is just the sum of these two contributions.

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/parax.html

## 1. What is the formula for calculating the speed of a hoop?

The formula for calculating the speed of a hoop is s = 2πr / t, where s is the speed, r is the radius of the hoop, and t is the time it takes for the hoop to complete one full rotation.

## 2. How do you measure the radius of a hoop?

The radius of a hoop can be measured by taking the distance from the center of the hoop to the edge of the hoop.

## 3. How do you measure the time it takes for a hoop to complete one full rotation?

The time it takes for a hoop to complete one full rotation can be measured using a stopwatch. Start the stopwatch when the hoop begins its rotation and stop it when the hoop completes one full rotation.

## 4. Can the speed of a hoop change?

Yes, the speed of a hoop can change depending on various factors such as the force applied, the surface it is rolling on, and the shape and weight of the hoop.

## 5. How can the speed of a hoop be used in real-life applications?

The speed of a hoop can be used in real-life applications such as calculating the speed of a spinning ride at an amusement park or determining the speed of a rotating wheel on a vehicle. It can also be used in sports such as hula hooping or basketball to analyze the speed and trajectory of the hoop.

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