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Can overlapping divergences be disentangled ?

  1. Aug 31, 2010 #1
    given an overlapping divergence

    [tex] \int_{0}^{\infty} \int_{0}^{\infty}dxdy \frac{xy}{xy+1+x} [/tex]

    what terms must i add and substract in order to get it finite

    can an overlapping divergence be disentangled and expressed as a product of one loop divergent integrals ??
  2. jcsd
  3. Aug 31, 2010 #2
    Hi zetafunction,

    Sector decomposition gives a recursive approach to disentangling overlapping divergences.
    For a more direct approach you could modify the parametric BPH-procedure in the final reference below.

    Sector decomposition:
    By making the change of variables x->(1-x)/x and sim for y, you can make the integrals go from 0 to 1 with the entangled divergence at x=y=0.
    Then, following the first example in the Heinrich paper below and splitting the integral into a x > y = t x part and a y > x = t y part, you can disentangle the divergences.
    You can do the t-integral first, using a BPH-like Taylor series subtraction at t=0 to get a finite result for the first integral. Then in the x>y sector, the second integral is divergent at x=1. Another BPH subtraction gives a final result.

    Following this procedure I find the integral = 2. Of course, this is completely subtraction dependent. To find what the subtractions from the original integrand are you can reverse the procedure. (Although I have to admit, I struggled with that last bit)
    I can email you my Mathematica notebook if you wish.

    I've put a couple of references below. The final one is a nice explanation/proof of BPH procedure in parametric space - something that I found very useful last year.

    G. Heinrich, "Sector Decomposition," International Journal of Modern Physics A, vol. 23, 2008, p. 1457.

    A.V. Smirnov and V.A. Smirnov, "Hepp and Speer Sectors within Modern Strategies of Sector Decomposition," Strategies, 2008.

    M.C. Bergère and J.B. Zuber, "Renormalization of Feynman amplitudes and parametric integral representation," Communications in Mathematical Physics, vol. 35, 1974, pp. 113-140.

    More references at http://www.mendeley.com/research-papers/collections/15779/FeynmanIntegrals/ [Broken]
    Last edited by a moderator: May 4, 2017
  4. Aug 31, 2010 #3
    By the way, a quick analytic regularization, multiplying the integrand by f(a)x^a gives
    [tex]\frac{f(a) (\pi \csc (\pi a))}{a^2+a}+O(a) = \frac{1}{a^2}+\frac{f'(0)-1}{a}+\left(\frac{f''(0)}{2}-f'(0)+\frac{\pi ^2}{6}+1\right)+O\left(a\right)[/tex]
  5. Sep 1, 2010 #4
    thanks SImon..

    by the way by using a change of variable (if we are in R^{n} ) to n-polar coordinates so the new integral depend on the modulus r and the angles so

    [tex] \int_{\Omega}\int_{0}^{\infty} f(r, \Omega _{í} )r^{n-1}dr [/tex]

    then if the divergent is just an ultraviolet one , integration over angles let us a divergent integral of the form [tex] \int_{0}^{\infty} g(r) r^{n-1}dr [/tex]

    for some g(r)
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