# Citation not working with RevTex (MikTex 2.9, TexStudio)

Gold Member

## Summary:

Citations not working with RevTex in MikTex 2.9 and TexStudio.

## Main Question or Discussion Point

I am a beginner in LaTeX. I am working in Windows 10, 64 bit. I have MikTex 2.9 and TexStudio installed. I use JabRef for the citations.

I wrote down a code with RevTex 4.2:
main.tex:
\documentclass[aps, prl, reprint, amsfont, amssymb, amsmath]{revtex4-1}
\usepackage{hyperref}

\begin{document}
\title{Test Test}
\author{Wrichik Basu}
\email[Email: ]{xyz@xyz.org}

\begin{abstract}
This is a test LaTeX document created using TexStudio and MikTex 2.9 on Win 10, 64-bit.
\end{abstract}

\maketitle

\section{\label{eqntest}Euqation Test}
Here we write a test equation in.

$$\mathfrak{L} = \frac{1}{2} \ (\partial ^\mu \phi) (\partial _\mu \phi)\\ - \ \frac{1}{2}\ m^2 \phi^2$$

\section{\label{citation}Citation Test}

Here is a paper on qubits \cite{qubits}.

\bibliography{ref2.bib}

\end{document}
At first, it gave a lot of problem with the \maketitle command, but when I placed it where it is currently, the file compiled properly.

Here is my file with the bibliography:
ref2.bib:
@article{qubits,
author = {Brus,L. E. },
title = {A simple model for the ionization potential, electron affinity, and aqueous redox potentials of small semiconductor crystallites},
journal = {The Journal of Chemical Physics},
volume = {79},
number = {11},
pages = {5566-5571},
year = {1983},
doi = {10.1063/1.445676},
URL = {https://doi.org/10.1063/1.445676}
}
When I am building the pdf, the citations are not coming. Refer to the attached file. Now I cannot build the pdf. It is saying that the process exited with errors, but is giving only warnings:

But this is getting executed properly in Overleaf. That pdf is attached.

I checked the MikTex console, and RevTex is installed properly, In addition, its not compiling at all with RevTex 4.2 as the document class.

Can anyone please help me with this? I already had a hard time installing MikTex in my PC before. Now that I have my new laptop, I still cannot use TexStudio.

#### Attachments

• 96.5 KB Views: 79
Last edited:

Related MATLAB, Maple, Mathematica, LaTeX News on Phys.org
fresh_42
Mentor
I get the same pdf as yours in TeXstudio 2.12.8.

Dr Transport
Gold Member
same, TeXstudio 2.12.16 on my windows box

compiles fine on my debian box: texstudio 2.11.2

Last edited:
Gold Member
I get the same pdf as yours in TeXstudio 2.12.8.
same, TeXstudio 2.12.16 on my windows box

compiles fine on my debian box: texstudio 2.11.2
I reinstalled TexStudio, and it could create the pdf now, but the citations are still not working. Refer to the attached file.

#### Attachments

• 109 KB Views: 75
fresh_42
Mentor
Here is mine:

ref2.bib created by BibTex or F8 (used both), and the coding as you did.

#### Attachments

• 95.3 KB Views: 72
Wrichik Basu
Gold Member
By the way, I tested this from Command prompt as well, and am getting the same error: (I used pdflatex)

A few days back, I sent a mail to a professor, and typed out a document in Latex in Overleaf. That document is not compiling too. It seems there is a problem with MikTex. Any ideas how this can be solved?

fresh_42
Mentor
I didn't like MikTex, that's why I use the TexStudio. Have you tried what I said: F8 on ref2.bib and then F5 on test.tex?

Gold Member
I didn't like MikTex, that's why I use the TexStudio. Have you tried what I said: F8 on ref2.bib and then F5 on test.tex?
Isn't MikTex the compiler?

Yes, I did what you said. No change, same problem.

pasmith
Homework Helper
Summary: Citations not working with RevTex in MikTex 2.9 and TexStudio.

I am a beginner in LaTeX. I am working in Windows 10, 64 bit. I have MikTex 2.9 and TexStudio installed. I use JabRef for the citations.

I wrote down a code with RevTex 4.2:
main.tex:
\documentclass[aps, prl, reprint, amsfont, amssymb, amsmath]{revtex4-1}
\usepackage{hyperref}

\begin{document}
\title{Test Test}
\author{Wrichik Basu}
\email[Email: ]{xyz@xyz.org}

\begin{abstract}
This is a test LaTeX document created using TexStudio and MikTex 2.9 on Win 10, 64-bit.
\end{abstract}

\maketitle

\section{\label{eqntest}Euqation Test}
Here we write a test equation in.

$$\mathfrak{L} = \frac{1}{2} \ (\partial ^\mu \phi) (\partial _\mu \phi)\\ - \ \frac{1}{2}\ m^2 \phi^2$$

\section{\label{citation}Citation Test}

Here is a paper on qubits \cite{qubits}.

\bibliography{ref2.bib}

\end{document}
At first, it gave a lot of problem with the \maketitle command, but when I placed it where it is currently, the file compiled properly.

Here is my file with the bibliography:
ref2.bib:
@article{qubits,
author = {Brus,L. E. },
title = {A simple model for the ionization potential, electron affinity, and aqueous redox potentials of small semiconductor crystallites},
journal = {The Journal of Chemical Physics},
volume = {79},
number = {11},
pages = {5566-5571},
year = {1983},
doi = {10.1063/1.445676},
URL = {https://doi.org/10.1063/1.445676}
}
When I am building the pdf, the citations are not coming. Refer to the attached file. Now I cannot build the pdf. It is saying that the process exited with errors, but is giving only warnings:

View attachment 244785

But this is getting executed properly in Overleaf. That pdf is attached.

I checked the MikTex console, and RevTex is installed properly, In addition, its not compiling at all with RevTex 4.2 as the document class.

Can anyone please help me with this? I already had a hard time installing MikTex in my PC before. Now that I have my new laptop, I still cannot use TexStudio.
In general, to get a PDF produced properly you have to do the following after making any change to the source file:

1. Run PDFLaTeX. This will produce undefined citation errors.
2. Run BibTex.
3. Run PDFLaTeX. This will produce "citations may have changed" and "page numbers may have changed" warnings.
4. Run PDFLaTeX.

(Steps 1 and 2 can be omitted if you haven't added or removed any citations from the .tex file or made any changes to your .bib files since the last time you ran it.)

Now when I tried this with your source file, BibTex raised an error at Step 2:

This is BibTeX, Version 0.99d (MiKTeX 2.9.6880 64-bit) The top-level auxiliary file: test.aux I couldn't open database file ref2.bib.bib ---line 20 of file test.aux : \bibdata{testNotes,ref2.bib : } I'm skipping whatever remains of this command
Replacing "\bibliography{ref2.bib}" with "\bibliography{ref2}" fixed this.

Wrichik Basu
Gold Member
In general, to get a PDF produced properly you have to do the following after making any change to the source file:

1. Run PDFLaTeX. This will produce undefined citation errors.
2. Run BibTex.
3. Run PDFLaTeX. This will produce "citations may have changed" and "page numbers may have changed" warnings.
4. Run PDFLaTeX.

(Steps 1 and 2 can be omitted if you haven't added or removed any citations from the .tex file or made any changes to your .bib files since the last time you ran it.)

Now when I tried this with your source file, BibTex raised an error at Step 2:

Replacing "\bibliography{ref2.bib}" with "\bibliography{ref2}" fixed this.
Thanks, that solved the problem (from TexStudio and command line).

Gold Member
An update: I uninstalled TexStudio. It was becoming irritating. I would rather work in Notepad, and compile from Command Line.

pasmith
Homework Helper
I personally use TexMaker with MikTeX 2.9 on Windows 10.

Wrichik Basu