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jarekduda

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While 2nd law of thermodynamics emphasizes past->future time direction, CPT theorem says that at least microscopic physics has some symmetry between past and future. For example the Feynman-Stueckelberg interpretation suggests to see anti-particles as traveling back in time.

So thermodynamics is one of many examples of symmetry breaking: while the fundamental equations fulfill some symmetry, the solution often breaks it. Even for (time-symmetric) classical mechanics there is Boltzmann H-theorem "proving" that entropy should grow. However, we could reverse time and use the same "proof" to show entropy decrease - getting contradiction. The issue is a subtle hidden assumption of some uniformity ("Stoßzahlansatz") - this problem is very nicely presented in http://www.math.ens.fr/~bodineau/GT_2012/kac-ring.pdf : entropy grows as it should, but then it surprisingly decreases due to symmetry of the model.

Anyway, the CPT symmetry suggests that a CPT analogue of a device should also work (?)

Very interesting would be a CPT analogue of a laser - its stimulated emission should be changed to stimulated absorption (?) - getting lasAr.

Free electron laser (FEL) is conceptually simple - let's think about its CPT analogue:

https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/12405967/freeelectron.jpg

So in FEL we have a high energy electrons, which go through a sequence of opposite magnets, what leads to synchrotron radiation photons.

These photons fly through the optical path and finally hit a deexcited target, exciting it.

CPT analogue of this picture is: excited target emits photons, which fly toward that lasar (stimulated absorption instead of emission), and are absorbed by traveling positron.

What is nontrivial here is that deexication of the target is stimulated by turning the lasar on - earlier by optical path time.

So imagine we take a sodium lamp surrounded by detectors. The lamp is continuously excited, and this energy is seen by detectors.

Now shoot the lasar through a small hole in the detectors (of frequency of sodium lamp) - should turning the laser on change the energy balance of lamp-detectors?

So thermodynamics is one of many examples of symmetry breaking: while the fundamental equations fulfill some symmetry, the solution often breaks it. Even for (time-symmetric) classical mechanics there is Boltzmann H-theorem "proving" that entropy should grow. However, we could reverse time and use the same "proof" to show entropy decrease - getting contradiction. The issue is a subtle hidden assumption of some uniformity ("Stoßzahlansatz") - this problem is very nicely presented in http://www.math.ens.fr/~bodineau/GT_2012/kac-ring.pdf : entropy grows as it should, but then it surprisingly decreases due to symmetry of the model.

Anyway, the CPT symmetry suggests that a CPT analogue of a device should also work (?)

Very interesting would be a CPT analogue of a laser - its stimulated emission should be changed to stimulated absorption (?) - getting lasAr.

Free electron laser (FEL) is conceptually simple - let's think about its CPT analogue:

https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/12405967/freeelectron.jpg

So in FEL we have a high energy electrons, which go through a sequence of opposite magnets, what leads to synchrotron radiation photons.

These photons fly through the optical path and finally hit a deexcited target, exciting it.

CPT analogue of this picture is: excited target emits photons, which fly toward that lasar (stimulated absorption instead of emission), and are absorbed by traveling positron.

What is nontrivial here is that deexication of the target is stimulated by turning the lasar on - earlier by optical path time.

So imagine we take a sodium lamp surrounded by detectors. The lamp is continuously excited, and this energy is seen by detectors.

Now shoot the lasar through a small hole in the detectors (of frequency of sodium lamp) - should turning the laser on change the energy balance of lamp-detectors?

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