1. ### I Ontology of an electron passing through a Stern-Gerlach magnet

So, as far as I think I understand, an electron that passes through a Stern-Gerlach magnet, will not have a value for its spin until that spin is measured? Does that mean the electron has no position (as given by the SGM) until measured, or that the electron does not even exist until measured?
2. ### B At least One Faraday Tube Between Every Two Unlike Charges in the Universe

By Classic Coulomb's Law there exists negligible yet non zero force of attraction between two unlike charges in-spite of the distance. However for electrostatic attraction to work we need at-least one Faraday Tube(Lines of Forces) between the attracting charges, does that means...
3. ### I Difficult Series Battery Problem

Modern batteries use double-sided anode and cathodes for greater energy density. Series wiring of batteries is typically accomplished by connecting the anode of one cell to the cathode of another. However, can series be accomplished by stacking double-sided anode and cathode alternatingly with...
4. ### Trying to Understand Ionization

It will try to produce a neutral atom but it depends on the amount of energy that electron is shot at the atom, if it is great enough energy for ionization it will produce cation, If it is not enough for ionization it will make a neutral atom or anion, I think.
5. ### QED, Electron-Proton Scattering: Rosenbluth cross-section

Hello, this problem is causing headaches, it would be very helpful if you could tell me if you know of a book where you can solve it. Maybe my English is lousy because I use a translator. Thank you very much.
6. ### Chemistry Solving for electron activity given pH and ratio of redox elements

I've written out the half reaction 8e- + 9H+ + SO42- = HS- + 4H2O and I know the logK = 4.25 (that's the constant mentioned in the prompt) I've written out the equilibrium statement of 10^4.25 = ([x^1/8]*[H2O^1/2])/([10x^1/8]*[e-]*[(10^-8.2)^9/8] However, from there, it seems like I have two...
7. ### I Electrons @ battery negative terminal

Does the negative terminal of a battery have a negative charge due to having a surplus of electrons? If so, then why do the surplus electrons from the negative terminal of the battery not discharge to the human body or earth (which have a neutral charge) when touched?....thereby causing the...
8. ### Magnetic flux density of a relativistic electron

q = 1.602e-19C mass_electron = 1.098e27 c = 3e8 Omega(Mag_flux_den) = 5GHz Lorentz factor = 100 synchrotron radiation at frequency v = 5GHz Mag_flux_den = (Omega(Mag_flux_den) * c * Mass_electron * Lorentz factor) / mass_electron Mag_flux_den = (5000 x 3e8 x 1.098e27 x 100 ) / 1.602e-19 =...
9. ### Finite quantum well, multiple choice question

Homework Statement:: Consider an electron trapped in a one-dimensional finite well of width L. What is the minimum possible kinetic energy of the electron? A) 0 B) Between 0 and h^2/8mL^2 C) ≈h^2/8mL^2, but it is not possible to find the exact value because of the uncertainty principle D)...
10. ### I Portrayal of spin measurement

Would this be an accurate portrayal of measuring the spin of an electron with a SG detector?: The electron is in a superposition of spin-up and spin-down; Upon entering the magnetic field of the SG detector, the electron enters a superposition of an upward trajectory and a downward trajectory...
11. ### I How do we know the mass of an electron?

I've been researching the proof of subatomic particles given the fact that we have never seen them before. It has always been recognized that protons, electrons, and neutrons exist; but I question how we know for certain they exist. Across my studying I've realized that in 1897, J. J. Thompson...
12. ### I Why is a pair of an electron and a positron unstable?

We know that an electron and a positron will annihilate and emit gamma ray. But the electron and positron possess initial kinetic energy meaning that it is difficult for them to really collide in each other. Just like earth is not dropping into the Sun even with the gravitational pull. So I am...
13. ### I Electron wave funtion harmonic oscillator

As we see in this Phet simulator, this is only the real part of the wave function, the frequency decreases with the potential, so lose energy as moves away the center. we se this real-imaginary animation in Wikipedia, wave C,D,E,F. Because with less energy, the frequency of quantum wave...
14. ### B Electrons cannot sense electrostatic force?

Why there is not voltage or current just for 1ms if I connect a multimeter ground to the negative terminal of a DC power supply or charged capacitor? Why electrons in measure lead and DMM device cannot sense a bulk of electrons (or lack of it)? I tried with an 5kV DC power supply too. In an...
15. ### B Why can an electron go through PVC insulator

I connected a PVC insulated alligator clip test lead to a 12V (give 20V) DC power supply positive terminal and a multimeter. After that I connected an other one to the multimeter ground, and a third one to the power supply negative terminal. I turned the multimeter to DC V measure mode. When I...
16. M

### B Why Use Nuclear Charge In Finding Energy Value of Singular Electron?

My Textbook says this is the formula to find energy values for electron shells: $$E_{mol of electrons} = \frac{-1312kJ}{n^2}$$ where $n$ is in electron shell number But when we divide by 1 mol to get the energy value for each electron we get E_{electron} = \frac{-2.178 \cdot 10^{-18}}{n^2}...
17. ### A Phasing 2 Electrons' Wavefunctions

Can anyone tell me how to mathematically represent 2 phased electrons mathematically? Thank you in advance.
18. ### I Confusion on binding energy and ionization energy.

1) I know that the binding energy is the energy that holds a nucleus together ( which equals to the mass defect E = mc2 ). But what does it mean when we are talking about binding energy of an electron ( eg. binding energy = -Z2R/n2 ? ). Some website saying that " binding energy = - ionization...
19. ### I Double Slit Experiment

General question to members, when you look at the results and the interference pattern of the double slit experiment for electrons. Does anyone have information on what the empty space is on the screen. The electrons fixed location on the screen shows gaps always. I watched one persons theory...
20. ### I Electrons colliding with gas molecules

My concern is an electron tube. From what I understood so far, gas molecules will have an average velocity derived from the Maxwell distribution, and that velocity will influence in the electron collision frequency. I can't see clearly though how the electron velocity itself in the presence...
21. ### B Thermionic emission and current density

Dear Sirs, Maybe this is general knowledge, but I couldn't find the answer where I looked, so please bear with me. Consider a circuit consisting of a mechanical generator (some spinning magnets and coils) and a wire across the generators output. At some point the wire gets hot and starts a...
22. ### B Stupid question relating to electric induction

Hi, I've been interested in the science behind electrons/magnetism for quite a while. I've been learning quite a bit from various sources online. However there is one thing that's really nagging me. Magnetic fields result from moving electrons. That indicates that a permanent magnet has...
23. ### B Is the mass of the electron constant?

If the mass of the electron has been changing during the evolution of the universe, then the orbits of the electrons would also change, which will shift the light spectrum of each atom. Could this explain red shift of far galaxies, and the shift is not because the universe is expanding? Henry
24. ### Carrier concentrations

Homework Statement For silicon at T=300K with donor density ND=2×109cm−3, acceptor density NA=0 and ni=8.2×109cm−3, calculate the equilibrium electron and hole concentration Homework Equations n_0=\frac{N_D-N_A}{2}+\sqrt{\frac{N_D-N_A}{2}^2+n_i^2} p_o=\frac{n_i^2}{n_0} The Attempt at a...
25. ### B How close does an electron get to a proton to be attracted

I couldn't fit the whole question, it should say "How close does an electron have to get to a proton to be attracted to it" And I know it can depend on the speed and direction they are traveling. Can we just pretend they are stationary for this answer please. By attracted I mean the electron...
26. ### I JJ Thomson Discovery of the Electron

pg. 243 Falconer, I. (1987) Corpuscles, Electrons and Cathode Rays: J.J. Thomson and the Discovery of the Electron. The British Journal for the History of Science (BJHS, 1987,20,241-276). "One of their most important properties is that they are deflected by a magnetic field. This provided strong...
27. ### I Do electrons radiate when in free fall?

So, I've been reading a whole bunch of different answers to this online. Some people say yes, some people say no. I'm totally confused...
28. ### An electron & a proton are each placed in an electric field

Homework Statement An electron and a proton are each placed at rest in an electric ﬁeld of 687 N/C. What is the velocity of the electron 56.5 ns after being released? Consider the direction parallel to the ﬁeld to be positive. The fundamental charge is 1.602×10−19 C, the mass of a proton is...
29. ### Unreasonable answer for acceleration of an electron in field

Homework Statement Hello PF! Got a two-part question involving calculating the electric force on a electron when placed in an electric field of 0.75N/C to the right, and the acceleration of said electron. Our values are E=0.75N/C, q=-1.6e^-19, m=9.1e^-31 (charge and mass of electron)...
30. ### Minimum energy of an electron with the Larmor formula

Homework Statement Is there a minimum value for the total energy of the electron (in this analysis)? The previous parts: Use Larmor formula to find ##\frac{|\Delta E|}{K}##, where ##|\Delta E|## is the energy lost per revolution. the result is ##\frac{8\pi v^3}{3c^3}##. ##\frac{v(r)}{c}## was...