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Defining a counting function in mathematica

  1. Aug 10, 2011 #1
    Hi and thank you for reading this.

    I'm learning to use mathematica and among those things I'm trying to do, is to define a function that can count for me, say, the number of positive zeros less than a given number Z of a familly of function.

    For exemple, let f_n(x) = sin(x/n) for any natural number n. I want mathematica (or any other program you may suggest) to compute the cardinality of {x \in ]0,Z[ = (0,Z) : \exists n \in N for which f_n(x)=0}. For Z = \pi + 1, I would expect that cardinality to be 1, in that case. For Z=2\pi +1, it'd be 2, and so on.

    I want a general method, so I can apply it to my specific problem.

    Just let you know that I've google'd it, I looked wolfram's forums, wolfram documentation, asked friends, and couldn't find it !

    I hope I was clear, and that my english wasn't too bad.

    Thank you !
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Aug 10, 2011 #2
    Maybe the 2\pi +1 and so on wasn't so clear.

    I really meant ''x over n'' in sin(x/n), but I used LaTeX terminology for ''pi'' 2\pi is really 2*pi.

    I don't think I fooled many of you, but just in case... :)
     
  4. Aug 11, 2011 #3
    Or maybe matlab would be better ?
     
  5. Aug 11, 2011 #4

    Dale

    Staff: Mentor

    Hi michael71828, welcome to PF,

    For future reference you can display LaTeX using tex tags. Also, you will get faster answers if you don't respond to your own OP since some people look for unanswered posts and respond to those first.

    I would recommend the FindInstance function for your purpose. Look at the documentation and see if you have any questions on how to use it. Be sure to use the option which allows you to specify the maximum number of instances to return.
     
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