Determinant of row interchange proof

  • Thread starter fackert
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  • #1
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Need a lot of help here guys.

I need to prove that for an nxn matrix A, if i interchange two rows to obtain B, then det=-detA

I have proved my basis (below), but i'm stuck on the hard part, the induction (which i'm required to do). I understand the steps of induction, but i don't know how to do it for this case.

What i have so far:

Let A be an nxn matrix.
Basis n=2
Then detA=a(11)a(22) - a(12)a(21)
Now let B be the matrix obtained by interchanging rows 1 and 2
Then detB=a(21)a(12) - a(22)a(11)
=-detA
So true for an arbitary 2x2 matrix.

(induction)
Assume true for n=k
For a kxk matrix...?????
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
chiro
Science Advisor
4,790
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Hey fackert.

Try introducing a pre-multiplication matrix that swaps the rows and then use the relationship that det(A*B) = det(A)*det(B) where B is your original matrix and A is a matrix transformation that swaps the rows.
 
  • #3
mathwonk
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
2020 Award
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my notes on determinants are on page 62ff of these notes:

http://www.math.uga.edu/%7Eroy/4050sum08.pdf [Broken]
 
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