# Determinants and inverses of matrices

## Homework Statement

P=\begin{pmatrix}3 & -1\\
2 & 4
\end{pmatrix}

Q=\begin{pmatrix}4 & -1\\
-2 & 1
\end{pmatrix}

R=\begin{pmatrix}3 & -3\\
2 & 4
\end{pmatrix}

S=\begin{pmatrix}4 & 7\\
9 & 1
\end{pmatrix}

PX = Q
QY = R
RZ = S

Find Matrices X, Y, and Z.

## Homework Equations

How do I use things regarding the topic of determinants and inverses of matrices to solve this question?

Cheers,
Thorn

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ehild
Homework Helper
If you multiply the equation PX=Q with the inverse of P from the left, you get :

P-1PX=X=P-1Q.

First find the inverse of P.

ehild

Last edited:
HallsofIvy
Homework Helper
Though it is not necessary to actually find any determinants and inverse matrices. I would use "row reduction" instead. Have you studied row reduction yet and how have you learned to find determinants and inverses?

Though it is not necessary to actually find any determinants and inverse matrices. I would use "row reduction" instead. Have you studied row reduction yet and how have you learned to find determinants and inverses?
Not yet, I'm still new to this topic. In fact, I am still rather rusty with matrix multiplication, although I am getting better at it.

If you multiply the equation PX=Q with the inverse of P from the left, you get :

P-1PX=X=P-1Q.

First find the inverse of P.

ehild
Is that a rule of some sort?

HallsofIvy
Homework Helper
It is pretty much the definition of "inverse"! If A is a matrix, $A^{-1}$ is its inverse if and only if $$A^{-1}A= AA^{-1}= I$$

If Ax= b then $A^{-1}(Ax)= A^{-1}b$, $(A^{-1}A)x= A^{-1}b$ (associative law for matrix multiplication), $Ix= x= A^{-1}b$.

Is that a rule of some sort?
Yes, it most certainly is,
This is the rule of manipulating equations
you have A=B, therefore (whatever I do to A)=(the same thing I do to B)
So, if PX=Q, then multiplying the left side by P-1 will be still equal to multiplying the right side of the equation by also P-1
hence, P-1.P.X=P-1.Q
then, since P-1 is by definition such that P-1P=I (identity)
then it follows that X(=P-1.P).X=P-1Q
You would do he same thing if it was 'regular' algebra
ax=y => x=y/a, , that would come from ax=y => ax/a=y/a => x=y/a, and you have to take the same care here: is a!=0 ? (for matrices, this will translate to, is a inversible ?) with the additional dificulty that multiplication is not commutative, so you must be careful with your handling of the equations

ehild
Homework Helper
Not yet, I'm still new to this topic. In fact, I am still rather rusty with matrix multiplication, although I am getting better at it.
Then find the matrix T$=\begin{pmatrix}a & b\\ c & d \end{pmatrix}$ so as the product of T and P is the unit matrix U$=\begin{pmatrix}1 & 0\\ 0 & 1 \end{pmatrix}$: TP=U.
Show the multiplication in detail.

HallsofIvy
$$\begin{pmatrix}a & b \\ c & d\end{pmatrix}$$
$$\frac{1}{ad- bc}\begin{pmatrix}d & -b \\ -c & a\end{pmatrix}$$