Determine maximum allowable weight of a load supported by chains

1. Sep 30, 2007

Lithlyrian

Thanks for any and all help-

Lith

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2. Sep 30, 2007

MechanicalMan

You're supposed to take some effort in solving homework problems, but I'll give you one hint: vector components.

3. Oct 1, 2007

Lithlyrian

I have taken a lot of effort and was very frustrated when posting; sorry I did not include my work.
I am at a loss as to how to include the chain that's attached to the weight.

Here is what I am getting; I know it is wrong because the weight is far too small a value.

$$\Sigma$$Fx = -Fab(sin 90 degrees) + Fac (sin 60 degrees) = 0
$$\Sigma$$Fy = Fab (cos 90 degrees) + Fac (cos 60 degrees) - W = 0

setting Fab to max load, Fab = 450 lb
Thus Fac = 519.62 lb and W = 259.8076 lb

I am not including Fad so I know this is incorrect. Please tell me how to incorporate Fad into this equation properly.

I know the weight of the engine can be much greater than 260 pounds if there are three chains that can each support at the very least 400 lb...

4. Oct 23, 2007

peterblais

I'm not sure how far along you are, and the fact this topic is 2 weeks old, you probably already figured this out, or moved on... Regardless I thought I would shed some light on the situation just for future reference.

For a stater, I modified your jpeg, to show the relationship between Fad, and W, which you missed. This is done by cutting the link in order to evaluate the forces on it.

Here is the critical relationship confusing you:

Using this:

Fx = -Fab(sin 90 degrees) + Fac (sin 60 degrees) = 0
Fx = -Fab(1) + Fac(sin60) = 0
Fx = -Fab + Fac(sin60)

Fy = Fab(cos90) + Fac(cos60) - Fad = 0
Fy = 0 + Fac(cos60) - Fad = 0
Fy = Fac(cos60) - W = 0

Remember, the trick with statics is to cut up the problem to make it into simpler problems. Amazingly complex stuff can be conquered by doing this, but if you try to attack it all at once, you will pull your hair out. Also, pay attention to those cos90's and sin90's, that stuff simplifies down right away and eliminates terms and such- after a while and a bit of practice you don't even really need to put them in there.

You seem to be on the right track.

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5. Oct 23, 2007

peterblais

PS: Pardon my aweful MSpaint skills and the crappy default font.