Ecology -- Which microorganisms are the main decomposers in the sea?

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In summary, decomposers are essential in the marine ecosystem for breaking down organic matter and recycling nutrients back into the food chain. The main decomposers in the sea are bacteria, fungi, and protists, which help maintain the balance of nutrients and contribute to the health of other marine organisms. However, the activity of decomposers can be affected by factors such as temperature, oxygen levels, and nutrient availability. Human activities, such as pollution and overfishing, can also have a negative impact on the role of decomposers in the sea.
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ORF
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Ecology. Which microorganism are the main decomposers in the sea?
Hi,

On land, the nutrient cycle is closed by decomposer microorganisms (fungi, bacteria). Which organisms have the equivalent role in the sea?

Thank you for your time.

Cheers,
ORF
 
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1. What is the role of decomposers in the sea?

Decomposers play a crucial role in the marine ecosystem by breaking down organic matter and recycling nutrients back into the food chain. This helps to maintain a healthy balance in the sea and supports the growth of other organisms.

2. Which microorganisms are considered decomposers in the sea?

The main decomposers in the sea are bacteria, fungi, and protists. These microorganisms are responsible for breaking down dead plants and animals, as well as other organic matter, into simpler forms that can be used by other organisms.

3. How do decomposers in the sea obtain their energy?

Decomposers in the sea obtain their energy by breaking down organic matter through the process of decomposition. This releases energy that is used for their own growth and metabolism.

4. Are there any other organisms that contribute to decomposition in the sea?

Yes, there are other organisms that contribute to decomposition in the sea, such as detritivores. These are animals that feed on decaying organic matter and help to speed up the decomposition process.

5. How do decomposers in the sea help to maintain a healthy marine ecosystem?

Decomposers in the sea help to maintain a healthy marine ecosystem by recycling nutrients back into the food chain. This ensures that essential elements, such as carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus, are available for other organisms to use, promoting a diverse and balanced ecosystem.

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