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Elastic Collision with objects of equal masses

  1. Nov 16, 2014 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    Solve for the Velocity of each mass after the collision.

    2. Relevant equations
    Pi = Pf
    Ki = Kf

    3. The attempt at a solution

    Okay so I've tried setting up a system of equations to solve for the unknown velocity and angles. The problem is that I can't seem to find either unknown angle. I know that momentum for each axis must be conserved and that total energy must be conserved. That gives me three equations but I can't figure out how to solve for both the velocity and the angles. I do know that θ1 + θ2 = 90°

    h0iIVBm.png
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 16, 2014 #2

    Orodruin

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    In which direction is the force acting on ##m_2## during the collision directed?
     
  4. Nov 16, 2014 #3
    45° below the horizon? I know it has something to do with this I'm just at a complete loss.
     
  5. Nov 16, 2014 #4

    Orodruin

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    What makes you say 45°? What is your rationale behind this? Can you make a geometric argument?
     
  6. Nov 16, 2014 #5
    I can't but I think I see what your getting at. Because we know the distance between the center of the circles we should be able to calculate the angle. Using (.35/2)m and radius of .5m I get an angle 20.5 degrees below the horizon.
     
  7. Nov 16, 2014 #6

    Orodruin

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    So, this gives you an angle. What will you do with it?
     
  8. Nov 16, 2014 #7
    It gives me the angle of ∅2 and by extension ∅1. Because there are no other forces acting on m2 the impulse is in the same direction as the force, which also means that the momentum will be in the same direction. From there, using the conservation of momentum in both the x and y direction I can easily solve for the magnitude of each velocity.
     
  9. Nov 16, 2014 #8

    Orodruin

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    Indeed, too bad I am always unable to put this into practise at the pool table ... :rolleyes:
    (Although billiard ball collisions obviously are not elastic ...)
     
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