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I Elitzur-Dolev Quantum Liar Paradox

  1. Jul 28, 2016 #1
    I've seen Elitzur's brief presentations on this. Two excited atoms pointed at a detector. The detector goes off, it isn't known which particle fired the photon, so you interrogate one, it gives a definite answer but violates bell's inequality? I'm sorry but I'm lost at such a vague description and this was the best I could find. What is the logic behind this test? I appreciate any references you could offer.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jul 28, 2016 #2

    Nugatory

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    Staff: Mentor

    Do you have a reference? Without that, it's going to be hard for anyone to comment sensibly.
     
  4. Jul 28, 2016 #3

    Strilanc

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    A quick google search found, well, this very thread. But also these slides:

    Screenshot from 2016-07-28 11:53:04.png

    Basically it's describing this quantum circuit, where a parity measurement creates entanglement between two qubits that start off separable:

    Screenshot from 2016-07-28 11:56:41.png

    This is an example of "performing a measurement forces the system into the state indicated by the measurement outcome, even if that state is entangled and you feel like that's weird".

    This particular setup works on inputs that are in X-axis states (e.g. On+Off), but not Z-axis states (e.g. just On). Doing an X-axis or Y-axis parity measurement in addition to the Z-axis parity measurement would fix that, but kinda breaks the analogy with the simple physical system. With both parity measurements it's a full fledged Bell basis measurement, which must force the system into one of the Bell basis states (and tell you which one). All of those basis states are fully entangled, so the output is entangled.
     
  5. Jul 31, 2016 #4
    It took a while, but I finally found the reference:

    http://a-c-elitzur.co.il/uploads/articlesdocs/MultipleIFM.pdf

    Section 10, Page 13 "The Quantum Liar Paradox"

    Still trying to understand this properly, but it seems to me until the Z measurement (which box?) is performed, each particle Z exists in the blocking(or non blocking) box only as part of a superposed state, and is thus not forced to interact with the photon, leaving it to interfere with itself.

    If two entangled particles have a 50% chance of being in the "blocking" box, (mutually exclusive), does that mean one of them MUST interact with a traversing photon? or does quantum mechanics allow a possibility for photons to traverse both boxes? If so, then I'm not sure I get why this is supposed to be a paradox.
     
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