# Findin acceleration with mass given

• afg_91320
In summary, the system will move with an acceleration of 9.8 m/s2 if the masses are .25 kg, .50 kg, and .25 kg, respectively.
afg_91320

## Homework Statement

Assuming ideal frictionless condition for an apparatus (a table with a block in the middle and one hanging from each side, what is: the accelerarion of the system if the mass for each is .25 kg .50 kg and .25 kg (mass 1,2, and 3 respectivley) mass 3 is on the top and mass 2 is hangin on the right side while mass 1 is on the left

## Homework Equations

I don't know how to find it and I've been tryin all day

## The Attempt at a Solution

Since you have three blocks each attached by a string, you will have three different equations with which you can manipulate to solve for acceleration. First off, draw a picture and label all the forces acting on each block and label each tension. I assume that the rope connecting the block on the table passes over a frictionless pulley when connected to the hanging block on both sides. You then arbitrarily choose a direction for which you think the system will move. Logically you should pick motion to the right to be the positive direction. Therefore all the forces you labeled that point in this direction will be positive. After all this is done, you should be able to find three equations describing the motion of the system:
m(3)g-T(2)=m(3)a
T(1)-T(3)=m(2)a
T(4)-m(1)g=m(1)a
I let the mass on the left be m(1), the mass on the table be m(2), and the mass on the right be m(3). The tension pointing up from the left block is T(4), the tension pointing left of m(2) is T(3), the tension pointing right of m(2) is T(1), and the tension pointing up from m(3) is T(2). Since the pulley is frictionless, T(4)=T(3) and T(1)=T(2). From this you get:
T(3)=T(1)-m(2)a
T(4)= m(1)a+m(1)g
T(2)=m(3)g-m(3)a
You can then eliminate the tensions and solve for acceleration by:
T(1)-m(2)a=m(1)a+m(1)g
m(1)a+m(2)a+m(1)g=m(3)g-m(3)a
m(1)a+m(2)a+m(3)a=m(3)g-m(1)g
a=(m(3)g-m(1)g)/(m(1)+m(2)+m(3))

If I interpret the situation right, the masses 1 and 2 are connected to the mass 3. I'm I right? If so, all you need is Newton's second and third laws and you can find the acceleration.

Edit: Looks like w3390 was faster...

## What is the formula for finding acceleration with mass given?

The formula for finding acceleration with mass given is a = F/m, where a is the acceleration, F is the force, and m is the mass.

## How do you calculate acceleration when given mass and force?

To calculate acceleration when given mass and force, use the formula a = F/m, where a is the acceleration, F is the force, and m is the mass. Simply divide the force by the mass to find the acceleration.

## Can you find acceleration without knowing mass?

No, it is not possible to find acceleration without knowing the mass. The mass is a crucial factor in the calculation of acceleration and without it, the value cannot be determined.

## What is the unit for acceleration?

The unit for acceleration is meters per second squared (m/s²). This represents the change in velocity over time.

## How does mass affect acceleration?

The mass of an object has a direct effect on its acceleration. The greater the mass, the more force is needed to accelerate the object. This is described by Newton's second law of motion, which states that the acceleration of an object is directly proportional to the net force acting on it and inversely proportional to its mass.

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