# Gravity 315km from Earth's Surface

1. Oct 13, 2008

### shimizua

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
You are explaining to friends why astronauts feel weightless orbiting in the space shuttle, and they respond that they thought gravity was just a lot weaker up there. Convince them and yourself that it isn't so by calculating how much weaker gravity is 315km above the Earth's surface in terms of g. Do not enter units.

2. Relevant equations
so i know that the further you get from earth the less gravity there will be and that is why they feel weightless but i dont really know how to express that as an equation

3. The attempt at a solution

2. Oct 13, 2008

### Rake-MC

Try this equation: $$a = \frac{GM}{R}$$

Where G = universal gravitational constant (6.76E-11)
M = mass of entity creating acceleration due to gravity

3. Oct 13, 2008

### shimizua

so would M be the mass of the earth then?

4. Oct 13, 2008

### Rake-MC

That's correct.

5. Oct 13, 2008

### D H

Staff Emeritus
Don't try that equation.

Rake-MC, you are not supposed to give complete answers to a homework problem. You especially are not supposed to give completely wrong answers to a homework problem.

shimizua, what equations were you taught in your class?

6. Oct 13, 2008

### shimizua

my teacher never gave us an equation for this one i am pretty sure.

7. Oct 13, 2008

### D H

Staff Emeritus
What about Newton's law of gravity?

8. Oct 13, 2008

### shimizua

Fg=GMm/d^2?

9. Oct 13, 2008

### D H

Staff Emeritus
That's it. How do you compute acceleration given the force acting on a body? Use that on Newton's law of gravitation to recast Newton's law of gravitation in terms of acceleration rather than force. Can you solve the problem now?

10. Oct 13, 2008

### shimizua

k so to get acceleration it is change of v over change in d. or would i use the original equation that Rake had up with newtons law of gravity. im am still confused

11. Oct 13, 2008

### D H

Staff Emeritus
Rake's equation is wrong. It doesn't even have the right units.

I gave you rather explicit instructions. I'll spell them out.
1. You are given a force F acting on some object of mass m. What is its acceleration?
2. You already gave the Newton's law of gravitation. Apply the equation I asked you to supply in step 1 to Newton's law of gravitation. What is the result?
3. What other information do you need to solve the problem?