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Featured B Great Magic Triangle Math Puzzle

  1. Jul 8, 2017 #1

    jedishrfu

    Staff: Mentor

    This is quite an interesting puzzle. You know it's wrong but you don't know why by inspection:

    http://twistedsifter.com/2017/07/profs-use-this-puzzle-to-teach-lesson-about-problem-solving/

    Can you figure out an easy way to inspect it?

    I spotted one way.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jul 8, 2017 #2

    Orodruin

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    ##2/5\neq 3/8##

    The original shape is not a triangle.

    Edit: You can also rather easily see that the original vertex where the smaller triangles meet is inside the second shape and not on its border. This only works if like here you have access to the grid.
     
  4. Jul 8, 2017 #3

    jedishrfu

    Staff: Mentor

    Yeah that's what I noticed after staring at it for awhile that putting the smaller triangle inside the larger one and using the grid you can see they aren't similar.

    It reminds me of the common failure of many trisection angle constructions where you can't prove that three intersecting arcs/lines cross at the same point and consequently the proof fails.
     
  5. Jul 8, 2017 #4

    fresh_42

    Staff: Mentor

    I'm a formula guy. Some basic computations show that both triangles are quadrangles. Or: the long side isn't differentiable on neither figure.
     
  6. Jul 8, 2017 #5

    StoneTemplePython

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    Gold Member

    Playing around with "equivalent" angles and tangents got me the same ##\frac{2}{5} \neq \frac{3}{8}##

    If you take a belt and suspenders approach with proofs -- i.e. have a proof two independent ways of proving / verifying something-- then picture proofs frequently make a nice set of suspenders.
     
  7. Jul 8, 2017 #6
    I recently saw similar "paradox" regarding an infinite chocolate bar... I'm not good with math proof but I could tell the bar was shorter after you remove a piece.
     
  8. Jul 26, 2017 #7
    As a former fence and deck builder, this was apparent by eyeballing down the long sides of each "triangle", where A appears concaved and B appears convexed.

    Edit: You don't need the grid for this inspection.
     
    Last edited: Jul 26, 2017
  9. Jul 26, 2017 #8

    Janus

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    I saw the same thing. Here are the triangles overlaid:
    Magic_triangle.jpg
     
  10. Jul 27, 2017 #9
    I noticed that the hypotenuse "slope" of the second triangle goes a little bit higher, that means it's not a perfect triangle.
     
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