Hard graph !

  1. [​IMG]



    I know the answer is (E) , but HOW ?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Mentallic

    Mentallic 3,684
    Homework Helper

    Are you sure it's meant to be E) because I'm getting D) :frown:

    If you were given a linear graph with the vertical axis being Y, and the horizontal being X, then you could say that Y=mX for some constant m, right?

    You can similarly substitute each axis representation into this equation. The vertical is now y-x and the horizontal x+y so let Y=y-x and X=x+y and then rearrange the equation to make y the subject.
     
  4. Sorry,I'm not sure that the correct answer is (E) :(
     
  5. Mentallic

    Mentallic 3,684
    Homework Helper

    No worries. On the other hand, I'm quite sure the answer is D, but it doesn't even matter, we should just let the math do the talking :wink:
     
  6. HallsofIvy

    HallsofIvy 40,308
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor

    The first graph is a straight line passing through the origin so it must be of the form y- x= k(x+ y). That is the same as y- x= kx+ ky or y- ky= x+ kx. Factoring, (1-k)y= (1+k)x or y= (1+k)/(1-k) x. From the picture it appears that k is larger than 1 (the angle is greater than 45 degrees) so 1-k is negative. That, in turn, means that the fraction (1+k)/(1-k) is negative so the graph goes downward to the right. It also follows that k< -1.
     
  7. I didn't understand !
    :(


    Can you explain it more simply ?
     
  8. Mentallic

    Mentallic 3,684
    Homework Helper

    Can you follow the procedure I outlined for you in post #2?
     
  9. Since the line passes throught the origin, and the slope builds an angle between 45 and 90 degrees, I can say that:
    [tex]
    y - x = a ( y + x), \ a > 1
    [/tex]

    Solve this for y. What do you get?
     

  10. y(1-a)= x(1+a)

    so .. ?

     
  11. SammyS

    SammyS 8,048
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
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    Gold Member

    Solve for y.

    Plug-in some positive numbers greater than 1, for a.

    BTW: Mentallic is right about what's the correct answer .
     
  12. NascentOxygen

    Staff: Mentor

    That graph in the picture appears to have a slope of about 3, for each mm horizontally it rises about 3mm, roughly (and assuming the scales are the same).

    Usually we would express that graph as being the plot: y = 3x

    But on this particular graph, the vertical quantity is given as y-x
    and the variable on the horizontal is given as y+x
    So substitute these expressions for the y and x in the blue equation, respectively.

    Finally, rearrange the result to get y on one side by itself.
     
  13. Redbelly98

    Redbelly98 12,029
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
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    Thread locked pending moderation.
     
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