I know that a charge is discribed in terms of coulombs. But how did they know that an electron has a charge of 1.60217646 × 10-19 coulomb ? by the way , what is a coulomb exactly ? and how did they found or discribed its quantity ? I would like the answer to be in details please . Thanks
Look up the Millikan oil drop experiment. A coulomb is exactly that amount of charge which results from a current of one Ampere flowing for one second.
you said it is " the amount of charge which results from a current of one Ampere flowing for one second " ,, what is Ampere ? and how would we find it ? ( suppose we want to calculate the charge and the magnitude of the charge is not given)
Welcome to PF! Hi Boody! Welcome to PF! The ampere (small "a" ) is defined in terms of ordinary mechanical units. From the PF Library … the amp is that current which in a pair of wires a metre apart would produce a force between them of 2 10-7 N/m