# What is Charge: Definition and 1000 Discussions

Chargé is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France.
Chargé is a small town near Amboise. The Rock 'in Chargé festival has revitalized the village since 2006

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1. ### Coulomb's Law Application: A charge repelling a mass on a frictionless incline

Fg = Fc Fg = 2.3g*9.8m/s^2*cos(28)=19.90N 19.90 = (8.99*10^9)*(4*10^-6)*(6*10^-6)/(r^2) 1/(r^2) = 92.23 r = 0.104m However, it's not one of the option...
2. ### Calculating Charge of an Electron w/ the Millikan Oil Drop Experiment

I am doing the Millikan Oil Drop experiment to determine the charge of a single electron. I have been following the lab manual provided by the manufacturer, https://hepweb.ucsd.edu/2dl/pasco/Millikans%20Oil%20Drop%20Manual%20(AP-8210).pdf. The manual defines a simple method to calculate for...
3. ### I How do we know that both plates of a capacitor have the same charge?

Suppose we have two conductors ( can be of different shapes) and connect them to battery. Why would equal amounts of charge appear on the two conductors?
4. ### Conventional current definition and a variation on that definition

One normally sees that the definition for conventional current as defined as the amount of positive charge that passes a point over unit time. However, why could we not define conventional current as the amount of positive unit charge that passes a point over unit time. I added in unit there...
5. ### Engineering Calculate time for capacitor to charge and discharge

I really don't get this one. Why do I need V? Since I didn't use it, I assume my work Is incorrect.
6. ### What is the source of the Kelvin Water Dropper effect?

From a classical mechanics perspective I understand the force interactions leading to the phenomenon, but from a matter perspective, what is a "positive" or "negative ly" charged water stream? Is this referring to the spontaneousH(+) + OH(- )formations?
7. ### What is the magnitude of the field at point R?

I've no idea how to solve this problem. The sign of the charge is not mentioned, so I'm assuming the charge is "+". The charge exerts an outward electric field. Since two lengths of the right-angle triangle are given, I use the Pythagorean to find the hypotenuse, which is the distance between q...
8. ### Find the magnitude of the electric field at point P

There are two identical spheres with the same charge that are the vertices of an equilateral triangle. ##+3 \mu C## will exert an outward electric field, which is drawn in the FBD below (see the attached pic), Since the horizontal force components (1x and 2x) are equal and opposite at point P...
9. ### Find the magnitude of the electric force from 3 charges at vertices of a cube

There are three charges with +1 μC and −1 μC, are placed at the opposite corners of a cube with edges of length 1 cm, and the distance from P to B is 1cm 2. I labeled them as A, P, and B, which is shown in the diagram below. Since we need to find the magnitude of the charge at point P and the...
10. ### Line of charge and conducting sphere (method of images)

I was thinking of using the sphere and point charge as an analog, but is quite diferent from what i have seen
11. ### Total Force on a Point Charge in Motion

As the observer is moving, there will be a magnetic force. Electric Field of the Rod = λ/2πεr r̂ Electric Force on the Point Charge = qλ/2πεr r̂ Magnetic Force on the Point Charge = q(vxB) = qvB n̂ = qv(µI/2πr) n̂ = qv(µλv/2πr) n̂ = µqλv²/2πr n̂ Total Force = Electric Force + Magnetic Force
12. ### B Exploring the Electric Field of a Moving Charge

How does an electric field of a moving charge, for example a moving electron, inside a wire looks like? Does it looks like this with distorted circular radial lines?
13. ### B How did fundamental charge thinking develop?

How did fundamental charge thinking develop?
14. ### Finding Current in Resistors & Charge of Capacitor

Suppose the switch has been closed for a long time so that the capacitor is fully charged and current is constant. a)Find the current in each resistor and charge Q of the capacitor. b)The switch is now opened at t=0s. Write the equation for the current for the resistor of 15kΩ as a function of...
15. ### Divergence of the Electric field of a point charge

Hi, unfortunately, I am not sure if I have calculated the task correctly The electric field of a point charge looks like this ##\vec{E}(\vec{r})=\frac{Q}{4 \pi \epsilon_0}\frac{\vec{r}}{|\vec{r}|^3}## I have now simply divided the electric field into its components i.e. #E_x , E-y, E_z#...
16. ### Calculating electric charge from graph (capacitor)

Apparently, we need to integrate the functions from 0 to the time when it is fully charged. However, I integrated in terms of t so the soultion (according to a graph programme) should be around 236 Vs but I don’t see how this could help me.
17. ### B What exactly is spin? Does the standard model work without spin?

I did some research online and found that "When certain elementary particles move through a magnetic field, they are deflected in a manner that suggests they have the properties of little magnets." To explain this phenomenon, physicists invented the concept of spin. So far so good. What I...
18. ### I Surface charge of neutral solids

Also referring to the post by @Kostik plus answers, I'm wondering about surface charges of neutral solids such as metals or carbon, for example. I only want to discuss large scale effects so that the solid can be treated as continuous. The atomic structure is averaged out. I also assume that...
19. ### Electric and magnetic fields of a moving charge

Part a) My solution: Big R basically becomes r, and the electric and magnetic field lines are doubled because of superposition principle. Am I right?
20. ### What is the charge for Hexaminotriphenylene?

I have seen the structures like X3 (HITP)2 (X = Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Rh, Os, Ir). Can I replace X with Mg? Will it be stable?
21. ### Charge of 2 conducting spheres separated by a distance

First assuming only one sphere at a potential of 1500 V, the charge would be q = 4πεrV = 4π(8.85×10 −12C2/N · m)(0.150 m)(1500 V) = 2.50×10−8C. The potential from the sphere at a distance of 10.0 m would be V =(1500V)(0.150m)/(10.0m) =22.5V. I don't understand the reasoning of the...
22. ### Finding Charge Density on the Surface of a Slab

Here's my attempt at a solution, but when I plug it in, it gives me a power ten error. I don't really understand what I'm doing wrong here. I think all my variables are in the correct units and it asks for my answer to be in μC/m2. Any help is much appreciated.
23. ### Magnitude of the Line Charge Density of a Power Line

Okay so I am a little confused as to where I made a mistake. I couldn't figure out how to program Latex into this website but I attached a file with the work I did and an explanation of my thought process along the way.
24. ### Finding charge on a capacitor given potential difference across two points

For this part(b) of this problem, The solution is However, I tried solving (b) like this: Since ##Q_{total} = 363 \times 10^{-6} C## then ##Q_1 = 181.5 \times 10^{-6} C ## since the equivalent upper capacitor is in series with the equivalent bottom capacitor so should store the same amount...
25. ### Ranking charge stored on three capacitors by a battery

For this problem, The solution is, I have a few questions about parts of the solutions, - Part(b): (1) Why do they assume that the capacitors are initially uncharged? Do they even need to make that assumption because it seems clear to me that we are finding the charge stored by each...
26. ### I The electron as a smeared charge density

Schrodinger’s original interpretation of the wavefunction was that it represented a smeared out charge density however this was replaced with Max Born’s probability interpretation. The issue was from what I understand that a charge density would repel and have self interactions as all the charge...
27. ### Charge upon a parallel plate capacitor

a) if I take a Gaussian cylindrical surface whose circular area are present in the meat of the two plates of the capacitor, then the electric flux through this Gaussian surface is zero ( as the electric field inside the meatof the capacitor is zero and between the capacitors, electric field is...
28. ### Electric force on the charge kept at the centre of a metallic shell

Hence the electric force on the charge in both cases is zero. Is this correct?
29. ### I Conservation of charge in the Universe

The charge of an isolated system is conserved. This implies the charge of the universe is constant. This implies that charge can neither be created nor destroyed. This implies that the net positive charge and the net negative charge of the universe are conserved. Is this right?
30. ### Calculating Linear Charge Density of a Cylinder

For part a: I know that linear charge density is the amount of charge per unit length, and we are given the volume charge density. Since we are given the volume, we can obtain the length by multiplying the volume by the cross sectional area, so C/m^3 * m^2 = C/m. The cross sectional area of a...
31. ### Powder coating: way to add more positive charge?

I am thinking of powder coating at home. I know the part to be coated is negatively charged because it is grounded. I assume the powder is positively charged by the gun. I wonder if there is a way to add more positive charge cheaply to an inexpensive gun like the one at harbor freight? I think...
32. ### Finding value of unknown charge

For this problem, The solution is, However, why did they assume that the electric field produced by charge q is always pointing to the left at the origin? Many thanks!
33. ### Find the electric field of a long line charge at a radial distance

TL;DR Summary: Find the electric field of a long line charge at a radial distance where the potential is 24V higher than at a radial distance r_1=3m where E=4V/m. Answer: 29.5V/m. Never mind: I retract this question. The integral apparently is supposed to diverge! I apologize for not reading...
34. ### I De Broglie–Bohm theory scattering from point charge, paths

I think I read somewhere that the trajectories of particles in the De Broglie–Bohm theory do not cross, is that true? If true, then in the case of Rutherford scattering the trajectories below can't be those of the De Broglie-Bohm theory? Thanks.
35. ### B Can we say that a charged balloon has a center of charge?

Doing so, we can consider the balloon to be a point charge (approximately). Can we do it in this case, when there are only electrons on its surface? Or is it stupid and we can't do it under any circumstances?
36. ### Derive an expression for the radial charge distribution of an E field

I know we're supposed to attempt a solution but I'm honestly super confused here. I think the second an third terms of the del equation can be cancelled out because there is only an E field in the r hat direction, so no e field in the theta and phi directions. That leaves us with ##\nabla \cdot...
37. ### I Charge conservation and special relativity

If conservation of charge gets violated in future experiments, what would be the implications on relativity? I have some faint idea that this will cause photons to have non-zero rest mass, but does this affect special relativity at all? Also, does special relativity make conservation of charge...
38. ### Electric Field of a Uniform Ring of Charge

Hi! For this problem, The solution is, However, why did they not include constants of integration in their working shown in red? Many thanks!
39. ### Why do we have a charge in the denominator of equation for voltage?

Why do we have a charge in the denominator of equations for voltage and el. potential if both voltage and el. potential are not dependent on charge? Is it just because that was the only way to derive the formula for voltage and then we realized we don't need q? U=W/q --> U=eqd/q.
40. ### Why Does Positive Charge Exert Elec. Field Beyond Neg. Charge?

I wonder how it is possible that a positive charge can exert el. field beyond negative charge? Shouldn't they "connect" and therefore positive charge should stop to have el. field beyond neg. charge? I mean, I am obviously wrong about that, but can someone please explain why/how el. field from...
41. ### Find the charge of the sphere (q2)

I drew a diagram using all of the information however, I am stuck and not to sure how to get one of the charges
42. ### B Uniform charge distribution in a conductor

How and why can charge be evenly or uniformly distributed in a conductor? How can such near perfect configuration of charge be achieved? Is outside influence (or force) or any special scientific tools or instruments required to accomplish that? By definition, electrostatic equilibrium is...
43. ### B Static Point Charge Should Have Zero Effect

How can we detect electrical effect of a static point charge at all? I think of a point charge like a sea urchin. With field lines going outwards in all directions (for +ve). So the vector pointing at me directly should be canceled perfectly by the vector going away from me. And so each line...
44. ### Calculation of Electrostatic Potential Given a Volume Charge Density

Part (a) was simple, after applying $$Q=\int_{\mathbb{R}^3}^{}\rho \, d^3\mathbf{r}$$ I found that the total charge of the configuration was zero. Part (b) is where the difficulties arise for me. I applied V(\mathbf{r})=\frac{1}{4\pi \epsilon _0}\int_{\Gamma }^{}\frac{\rho...
45. ### Coulomb's law — A negative charge balanced between 3 positive charges

hello i would like to understand something, i found the right answer but there is still something i don't understand. here is the figure and here is my correct solution what i don't understand is why F(3,Q) is 3kQ/r^2 i mean why is the 3? i only calculat the force between q3 and Q so why...
46. ### B Gravitational acceleration and sub-atomic electric charge

Wak a ball with a bat and the ball accelerates. Now under gravity, hold the ball out horizontally, let go and the ball accelerates ... without a wak. Given that gravity arises from curved space-time, I suggest further that the acceleration of the ball arises when sub-atomic particles (in the...
47. ### Using Gauss's Law to Calculate Charge Density Function

I've attached what I have so far. Used Gauss's law, everything seemed to make sense except the units don't work out in the end. The charge density function if given by: r(z)=az, where z is the perpendicular distance inside the plane.
48. ### How the charge imbalance in a plasma changes with time

I put the net charge density ##\rho_q = e\delta## so that ##\nabla \cdot \mathbf{E} = e\delta / \epsilon_0##, then I tried Maxwell IV:\begin{align*} \dot{\mathbf{E}} + c^2 \mu_0 \mathbf{J} &= 0 \overset{\mathrm{div}}{\implies} e\dot{\delta} + \nabla \cdot \mathbf{J} = 0 \end{align*}but this...
49. ### I Destat Apparatus - Exploring The Physics Behind It

I hope you all have a wonderful day, Some time ago, I bought a device that is supposed to eliminate static charge on my vinyl records (which aids to the overall sound quality). I was sitting on the couch and having a deep thought, as me myself have no professional background in physics, I...
50. ### B Is there some electrical charge that is neither positive nor negative?

I do not mean neutral electrical charge, but a forth kind (if exists) I am in 9th grade, and someone asked the teacher if there is an electrical charge that is not positive, not negative and not neutral, maybe something in the middle of them. The teacher said that there is a charge like that...