The recent announcement of the new foldable phones got me to wondering about the whole process of research to product development. Samsung says it's new phone was 10 years of research in the making. Who was doing the relevant research and by what process does the applications of the research get brought to the marketplace? Does Samsung do the research themselves in house or do they work with universities to sponsor the fundamental research? What kind of job opportunities are there and who are the players involved in developing these kinds of new products? If a person were interested in becoming part of the process of developing new materials and their applications what kind of credentials would be required and where would they find employment?